北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 60-67.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0313

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

腐败程度感知、公共服务效能与基层政府信任

任建明, 王璞   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-09 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 作者简介:任建明(1965-),男,山西乡宁人,教授,博士,研究方向为政府管理、反腐倡廉工作、公共组织领导等.
  • 基金资助:
    北京市习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心(暨北京市社会科学基金)重大项目(18ZDL30)

Residents' Perception of Corruption, Public Service Effectiveness and Township Government Trust

REN Jianming, WANG Pu   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-09-09 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 民众对基层政府的信任程度是影响政府能否有效提供公共管理和公共服务的重要因素。基层政府腐败和"廉而不为"的现象严重削弱政府公信力。文章利用中国乡镇民主与治理调查数据,实证分析了腐败程度感知、公共服务效能对基层政府信任的影响及其代际差异和地区差异。研究结果表明:政府腐败感知不佳的农村居民对基层政府信任程度也显著偏低。公共服务效能对农村居民基层政府信任的影响存在显著群体差异,青年群体政治信任主要受社会治安状况、公共医疗水平以及环境治理能力等方面的影响,对于中老年农村居民群体来说,基层政府所提供的社会治安状况、社会保障质量以及公共交通条件将成为制约其政治信任的主要因素。中西部地区农村居民基层政府信任高于东部地区。

关键词: 廉能, 腐败程度感知, 公共服务效能, 政府信任

Abstract: The degree of people's trust in township government is an important factor affecting whether the government can effectively provide public management and public services. The corruption of the township government and the phenomenon of integrity but inaction seriously weaken the government's credibility. Based on the data of China's township democracy and governance survey, this paper empirically analyzes the impact of corruption perception and public service effectiveness on township government trust and its intergenerational and regional differences. The results show that rural residents who have poor perception of government corruption have a low degree of trust in the township government. The impact of public service effectiveness on the trust of rural residents in the township government has significant group differences. The political trust of youth groups is mainly affected by social security, public health care, and environmental governance, etc., for the middle-aged and elderly rural residents, the social security situation, social security level and public transportation perfection provided by the township government will become the main factors restricting their political trust. The township government of rural residents in the central and western regions' trust is higher than the eastern regions.

Key words: probity and efficiency, corruption perception, public service effectiveness, trust in government

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