北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 126-133.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0317

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

浅析国际航空运输第五管辖权

宋刚, 耿绍杰   

  1. 北京师范大学 法学院, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-20 发布日期:2020-07-31
  • 作者简介:宋刚(1977-),男,四川自贡人,教授,博士,博士生导师,研究方向为民商法.

The Fifth Jurisdiction of International Air Transport

SONG Gang, GENG Shaojie   

  1. Law School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-09-20 Published:2020-07-31

摘要: 第五管辖权是确定国际航空运输案件管辖法院的重要依据。1971年《危地马拉城议定书》所规定的第五管辖权是1999年《蒙特利尔公约》第五管辖权的前身。在第五管辖权的制定及其以后的适用过程中都遇到了较大的分歧,通过逻辑分析以及举例分析的方法从旅客利益与承运人利益平衡、第五管辖权存在的必要性等角度出发,结合利弊两方面综合评价第五管辖权,得出各方对第五管辖权的质疑与批评是值得商榷的结论。为确定第五管辖权所指向的具体法院,通过法律解释方法进行分析研究,结果显示第五管辖权应当适用"地指具体地"理论。同时,因中国相关法律对旅客权益保护不全面,第五管辖权是值得中国法律所借鉴的,但是需要进行适当修改。

关键词: 1999年《蒙特利尔公约》, 第五管辖权, 国际航空运输, 航空承运人, 旅客权益保护

Abstract: The Fifth Jurisdiction is an important basis for determining the courts of international air transport cases. The Fifth Jurisdiction of the 1971 Guatemalan City Protocol was the predecessor of the Fifth Jurisdictional of the 1999 Montreal Convention. There were heated controversies in the process and the subsequent application process of the formulation of the Fifth Jurisdiction. From the perspective of balancing the interests between passengers and carriers, and the necessity of the existence of the Fifth Jurisdiction, it is concluded that the criticisms on the Fifth Jurisdiction by all parties is debatable. As the criticism were made on the basis of combining advantages and disadvantages of the Fifth Jurisdiction by way of logic analysis and example analysis. In order to determine the specific court figured out by the Fifth Jurisdiction, this study adopted the legal interpretation method of analysis and research. The results show that the Fifth Jurisdiction should apply the theory of "point of narrow definition". At the same time, due to the incomplete protection of passenger rights and interests of relevant laws in China, the Fifth Jurisdiction is worthy of reference in China's laws; however, needs appropriate modification.

Key words: 1999 Montreal Convention, the Fifth Jurisdiction, international air transport, air carrier, protection of passengers' rights

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