北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 110-118.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0318

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

民用机场净空保护的法律问题研究

张君周   

  1. 中国民航管理干部学院 国际民航组织安保培训中心, 北京 100102
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-23 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-12-07
  • 作者简介:张君周(1978-),女,山东郓城人,副教授,博士,研究方向为国际民航公约、航空犯罪.

Legal Issues on Protections of Aerodrome Obstacle Free Space

ZHANG Junzhou   

  1. ICAO ASTC, Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, Beijing 100102, China
  • Received:2019-09-23 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-12-07

摘要:

随着中国民航运输业的快速发展,机场改扩建工程数量也大幅度增长。破坏"净空"安全的事件屡屡发生,严重危害了航空器飞行安全。机场是保障飞行安全的基本适航条件之一,因此《国际民用航空公约》附件14及国内的相关立法对净空保护制定了标准和措施,明确了超高建筑物的拆除和改建要求,净空保护区内的禁止性行为。考虑到当前净空保护存在"职责分工"不清、认识不统一以及项目审批存在困难,可以通过立法上加强职责认定,建设部门协调机制以及完善项目审批制度等方式,提高中国民航"净空保护"的力度。

关键词: 机场净空, 禁止性行为, 遮蔽原则, 协调机制, 审批制度

Abstract:

With the rapid development of China's transportation industry, the number of airport reconstruction and expansion projects has also increased by a large margin. Incidents that impact the safety of "aerodrome obstacle free space" occur frequently, which seriously endangers the flight safety of aircraft. Airport is one of the basic airworthiness conditions to ensure flight safety. Therefore, Annex 14 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation and relevant domestic legislation have established standards and regulations for aerodrome obstacle free space protection, clarified the demolition and reconstruction requirements of over height buildings, and prohibited activities in airport obstacle clearance protection zone. In view of the unclear division of duties, the disunity of understanding and the difficulties in project approval, authority can strengthen the identification of duties and the coordination mechanism, improve the project examination and approval system to achieve the purpose of "aerodrome obstacle free space protection" of China's civil aviation.

Key words: aerodrome obstacle free space, prohibited activities, shielding principle, coordination mechanism, approval system

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