北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 13-20.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0358

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

《电子商务法》“通知-删除”规则之检讨

刘文杰   

  1. 中国传媒大学 政法学院, 北京 100024
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-17 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-12-07
  • 作者简介:刘文杰(1974-),男,辽宁朝阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为民商法、知识产权法.

“Notice-Takedown” Rule in “E-Commerce Law”

LIU Wenjie   

  1. Politics and Law School, Communication University of China, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2017-10-17 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-12-07

摘要:

"通知-删除"规则的核心价值在于作为一种责任避风港制度而存在,网络服务提供者不必介入实体争议,即便侵权确实存在,亦可在遵守程序性规定的前提下全身而退。"通知-删除"规则是针对网络空间的信息分享平台而设计的,电子商务平台同样属于信息分享平台,因此,"通知-删除"规则亦有适用余地。从民法体系视角出发,可以认为,所谓"通知-删除"程序实际上是绝对权请求权在网络空间的一种适用。电子商务平台上的"通知-删除"规则正是权利人实现预防请求权的合理路径。另一方面,网络服务提供者如愿意介入实体审核,法律不应加重其责任,而应通过过错责任鼓励其发挥积极性,从而减少维权成本和权利滥用。

关键词: “通知-删除”规则, 电子商务平台, 责任避风港, 过错责任, 禁令

Abstract:

The core value of "Notice-Takedown" rule lies in its "safe harbor" effect, Internet service providers do not need to involve in the substantive disputes, even there is an infringement, they can still keep exempt from liability. "Notice-Takedown" rule is designed for internet information service platforms, which e-commerce platforms also belong to. Therefore, "Notice-Takedown" rule have the space to apply to e-commerce platforms. From the perspective of civil law theory,"Notice-Takedown" actually is one type of claim of absolute rights. "Notice-Takedown" rule for e-commerce platforms is a reasonable way for rights holders to implement defensive right of claim. On the other hand, if internet service providers are willing to carry out substantive investigation of disputes, law should not aggravate their liability, negligence liability rule should apply to encourage their enthusiasm, reduce costs of rights implementation and abuse of rights.

Key words: “Notice-Takedown&rdquo, rule, E-commerce platform, liability safe harbor, fault liability, injunction

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