北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 138-145.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0385

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

大学科研需要直面社会发展的现实问题

马陆亭1,2, 宋晓欣1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100083;
    2. 教育部 教育发展研究中心, 北京 100816
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-11 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 作者简介:马陆亭(1963-),男,河南新乡人,博士生导师,教育部教育发展研究中心副主任,研究员,博士,研究方向为高等教育发展与管理政策.
  • 基金资助:
    教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(16JZD044)

Scientific Research in Universities Need to Solve Practical Problems of Social Development

MA Luting1,2, SONG Xiaoxin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Higher Education, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. National Center for Educational Development Research, Ministry of Educction, Beijing 100816, China
  • Received:2019-11-11 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 中美贸易战,促使需要重新思考大学的社会价值。从世界大学发展史看,社会服务职能的产生推动了高等教育繁荣,促使其走向大众化、普及化与多元化。在这一过程中,美国研究型大学和欧洲应用型高校以科研服务国家战略和区域发展而显现出强大的生命力,知识生产不再局限于大学内部,出现了新的范式。大学"科研""服务"的互动、融合逻辑在实践和理论上证明了研究的社会功用,大学科研除自由探索外也需要直面社会发展的现实问题。为此建议启动多元经费来源这个"发动机",活化学科交叉研究这个"催化剂",用好科研评价体系这个"指挥棒"。

关键词: 大学职能, 科学研究, 社会服务, 融合, 知识生产模式Ⅱ

Abstract: Sino-US trade war prompts us to rethink the social value of university. From the history of university development worldwide, social service function promote higher education to massification, popularization and diversification. In this process, both research-oriented universities in the US and application-oriented universities in Europe show strong vitality because they focus the scientific research on serving national strategy and regional development. With a new paradigm emerged knowledge production is no longer confined to university. The interaction and integration logic of "scientific research function" and "social service function" of university proves the social value of scientific research in practice and theory, scientific research in universities not only needs to explore freely but also solve practical problems of social development. Therefore, we should make efforts in the following three aspects:to start the "engine" of diversified funding sources, to activate the "catalyst" of cross-disciplinary research, and to use the "baton" of the scientific evaluation system.

Key words: university functions, scientific research, social service, integration, knowledge production model II

中图分类号: