北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 41-47.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0403

• 哲学与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国当代大学经典教育初探——以哈佛大学通识教育改革下的经典教育为例

陈绮   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会高等研究院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-22 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 作者简介:陈绮(1980-),女,江西萍乡人,讲师,博士,研究方向为欧洲语言文学、文艺复兴、通识教育等.

Classical Education in Contemporary U.S. Universities: A Case Study of Classical Education in Harvard's GE Reform

CHEN Qi   

  1. Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-11-22 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 哈佛大学的教育在独立性、影响力和多样性方面成效显著,为美国高等教育体系的建设做出了贡献。2019年开始实行的通识教育体系,其目的在于为学生成为积极投入社会的公民做准备,提高学生对伦理维度的认识,使之能够快速有效地面对变革,并理解自身乃艺术、思想和价值观的产物与塑造者。其中的经典教育则以不同形式展开,以实现哈佛大学的三个基本价值观念:真理、卓越和机遇。通过对哈佛大学通识教育体系的观察,能管窥西方经典教育的形式和特点,并对中国经典教育有一定启示。

关键词: 经典教育, 通识教育, 哈佛大学, 教育改革, 当代大学

Abstract: Harvard has helped to shape the American system of higher education, which is magnificent in its independence, sweep, and diversity. The General Education system that came into operation in 2019 has made great effort to prepare students for civic engagement, to develop students' understanding of the ethical dimensions of what they say and do, to enable students to respond critically and constructively to change, and to teach students to understand themselves as products of, and participants in, traditions of art, ideas, and values, in the process of which, the classical education is provided in different forms, embodying and defending three essential values Harvard represents:veritas, excellence and opportunity. The exploration of the forms of classical education and its features, based on an observation of the GE system at Harvard University, may bring about some inspiration for China.

Key words: classical education, general education, Harvard University, education reform, contemporary universities

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