北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 121-125.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0421

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于层次分析法的航空运输危险品源评估分析

张燕   

  1. 中国民航管理干部学院 经济管理系, 北京 100102
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-07 发布日期:2020-07-31
  • 作者简介:张燕(1982-),女,天津人,讲师,博士,研究方向为危险品运输及航空物流.
  • 基金资助:
    民航安全能力建设项目(14000900100018J019)

Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Sources in Air Transportation Based on AHP

ZHANG Yan   

  1. Economy and Management Department, Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, Beijing 100102, China
  • Received:2019-12-07 Published:2020-07-31

摘要: 随着民航运输业的发展,危险品航空运输量和不安全事件日益增加,减少杜绝危险品不安全事件的发生至关重要。为了更有效降低危险品不安全事件概率,采用层次分析法,根据2010—2017年危险品事件统计的影响因素,建立了危险品航空运输危险品源评估体系,并确定了各因素的权重,从而明确了各因素对航空运输危险品源的重要程度。对航空运输危险品源评估体系的分析表明,货运-普货运输和第九类危险品中锂电池,是影响危险品航空安全运输的两个重要危险品源。此外,针对两个重要危险品源应主要从加强托运、代理、收运等人员管理、加强对相关人员危险品包括锂电池知识培训和加强在各个环节的宣传力度三个方面,为危险品航空运输安全管理提供指导依据,对于有效控制事故发生概率、提高安全管理水平有着重要价值。

关键词: 危险品源, 航空运输, 层次分析法, 风险评估, 因素权重

Abstract: With the development of civil aviation transportation industry, the volume of dangerous goods air transportation and unsafe events are increasing. Thus, it is critical to reduce dangerous goods unsafe events. In order to reduce the probability of unsafe events for dangerous goods more effectively, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is used to establish the dangerous goods source assessment system for air transport of dangerous goods according to the influencing factors of 2010—2017 dangerous goods event statistics. The weight of each factor is determined through the dangerous goods source assessment system, so that as the importance of each factor to the dangerous goods source of air transport is also determined. The analysis of the dangerous goods source assessment system of air transportation shows that the freight-general cargo transportation and class 9 dangerous goods-lithium batteries are two important dangerous goods sources that affect the air safety transportation of dangerous goods. In addition, the corresponding preventive measures for the two important sources of dangerous goods are given to provide guidance for the safety management of dangerous goods air transportation, which is of great value for effectively controlling the probability of accidents and improving the level of safety management.

Key words: dangerous goods sources, air transportation, analytic hierarchy process, risk assessment, factor weight

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