北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 35-44.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0083

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

政策哲学:学科构建、例证与模型

张耀南1, 刘璐瑶2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学高等研究院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-10 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-06-03
  • 作者简介:张耀南(1963-),男,湖南石门人,教授,博士,研究方向为中国哲学、比较哲学、知识学.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA023);北京市社会科学基金重点项目(15ZXA005);国家社会科学基金一般项目(16BZX035);全国文化名家暨"四个一批"人才项目(中宣办发[2015]49号)

Policy Philosophy: Discipline Construction, Example and Model

ZHANG Yaonan1, LIU Luyao2   

  1. 1. Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-03-10 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-06-03

摘要: 随着理论研究和具体实践向纵深发展,政策哲学已初步具备学科构建的可能性。政策哲学是以哲学视角分析政策活动的文化依据、认知模式、价值取向、思维方式等根本问题的一门学科。通过梳理其学科渊源,可确立政策哲学的研究对象、学科性质与内容框架。可从正、反两方面分别探讨政策哲学学科构建的例证,如中国西汉初年的"黄老学派"即是政策哲学学科构建的成功范例,而西方的"价值中立论"则是政策哲学学科构建的失败范例。可依据不同分析视角,总结历史上政策哲学道义模型和政策哲学算计模型各自之得失。政策哲学之学科构建,应从传统政策文化中汲取营养,应以中国现实政策实践为基础,同时吸收借鉴国外相近或相似学科之构建经验,实现"全盘化西"。

关键词: 政策哲学, 学科构建, 正例, 反例, 道义模型, 算计模型

Abstract: With the in-depth development of theoretical study and implementation experience, policy philosophy has possessed the possibility of the discipline construction preliminarily. Policy philosophy is a discipline which analyzes such public policy issues as the cultural basis, cognitive model, value orientation, and way of thinking from the perspective of philosophy. Through sorting out the disciplinary sources, the objects of study, disciplinary character and content system of policy philosophy can be established. Examples of the construction of policy philosophy can be discussed separately from the positive and negative aspects. According to different perspectives, the gains and losses of the historical moral model and rational model of policy philosophy can be summarized. Based on the practical policy practice of China, the discipline construction of policy philosophy should learn from the traditional policy culture, as well as the construction experience of similar disciplines in other countries.

Key words: policy philosophy, discipline construction, positive example, negative example, moral modal, rational modal

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