北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 45-53.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0084

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

“天人合一”的生态政策哲学观及其现代价值

胡象明, 陈一帆   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-10 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-06-03
  • 作者简介:胡象明(1959-),男,湖北崇阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为公共政策分析.

Ecological Policy Philosophy of “Tianren Heyi” and Its Modern Value

ZHANG Yaonan, LIU Luyao   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-03-10 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-06-03

摘要: 生态政策的核心内容是生态文明建设,其本质是正确处理人与自然的关系。人类中心主义和生态中心主义的生态政策哲学观都有可能将生态政策导入误区。在中国古代"天人合一"哲学智慧中,所谓"天"包含着自然本体、自然规律和自然意志三维意象。所谓"天人合一"则具有人与自然共生、人事规则与自然规律协调、人为品行与自然意志统一的三重意涵,从中发展出"天人合一"的生态政策哲学观。"天人合一"生态政策哲学观为重新校准人与自然的关系提供了翔实的思想资料,为协调人事规则与自然规律提供了中国人特有的价值伦理,并为深化生态环境保护提供了可资借鉴的行为模式。

关键词: 自然, 政策观, 自然规律, 生态政策, 天人关系

Abstract: The core of ecological policy lies in the construction of ecological civilization, while its essence is to correctly handle the relationship between man and nature. Both the anthropocentrism and the ecology-centered philosophy of ecological policy may lead to the misunderstanding of ecological policy. In the classical Chinese philosophy of "tianren heyi", which stands for "the unity of man and nature", the so-called "tian" contains three-dimensional imageries involving the nature itself, the laws of nature, to the wills of nature. Accordingly, "tianren heyi" has triple implications:The symbiosis between human and nature, the coordination of personnel rules and natural laws, the unification of human conduct and natural will, which leads to the development of the ecological policy philosophy of "tianren heyi". Overall, the ecological policy philosophy of "tianren heyi" provides full and accurate ideological materials for recalibrating the relationship between humans and nature, the Chinese-specific values and ethics for coordinating personnel rules and natural laws, and an ideal behavior model for deepening ecological environmental protection.

Key words: nature, policy paradigm, natural laws, ecological policy, “tian-ren” relationship

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