北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 105-112.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0093

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境污染对城乡收入差距的影响效应分析

蓝管秀锋1, 吴亚婷2, 匡贤明1, 吕一清3   

  1. 1. 东北大学 工商管理学院, 辽宁 沈阳 110819;
    2. 海南师范大学 马克思主义学院, 海南 海口 571158;
    3. 四川大学 经济学院, 四川 成都 610207
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-16 发布日期:2021-06-08
  • 作者简介:蓝管秀锋(1989-),男,畲族,浙江丽水人,经济师,博士研究生,研究方向为国民收入分配、要素价格.
  • 基金资助:
    教育部青年基金(17yjc790104)

Effect of Environmental Pollution on Urban-rural Income Gap

LAN Guanxiufeng1, WU Yating2, KUANG Xianming1, LYU Yiqing3   

  1. 1. School of Business Administration, Northeastern University, Shenyang Liaoning 110819, China;
    2. School of Marxism, Hainan Normal University, Haikou Hainan 571158, China;
    3. School of Economics, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan 610270, China
  • Received:2020-03-16 Published:2021-06-08

摘要: 为探究环境污染对城乡收入差距的内在作用机制,以2000—2018年中国省际面板数据为样本,构建跨期经济模型和门槛效应,从理论与实证两方面进行深入分析。研究结果表明,环境污染显著拉大了城乡收入差距,且该结论与分别以化学需氧量(COD)排放总量和以SO2排放总量作为主要解释变量的计量检验结果是一致的;城乡收入差距存在恶性累积效应的负外部性,期初城乡收入差距越大时,环境污染随着门槛区间的上升对城乡收入差距的正向效应越强;同时,公共服务支出、城镇化水平、产业结构升级对城乡收入差距影响也具有不容忽视的作用。

关键词: 环境污染, 城乡收入差距, 生命周期消费理论, 跨期经济模型, 门槛效应

Abstract: To explore the internal mechanism of environmental pollution on urban-rural income gap, the inter-provincial panel data of China from 2000 to 2018 were used as samples to construct intertemporal economic model and threshold effect through theoretical and empirical analysis. The results show that environmental pollution significantly widens the gap between urban and rural incomes. This conclusion is consistent with the results of the metrological test with COD and SO2 as the main explanatory variables. The negative externality of the negative cumulative effect exists in the urban-rural income gap. When the urban-rural income gap is larger at the beginning of the period, the positive effect of environmental pollution on the urban-rural income gap is stronger with the increase of the threshold range. Nevertheless the impact of public service expenditure, urbanization level and industrial structure upgrading on the urban-rural income gap cannot be ignored.

Key words: environmental pollution, urban-rural income gap, life cycle consumption theory, intertemporal economic model, threshold effect

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