北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 17-24.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0111

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

人工智能时代中国个人信息保护法的选择

李海英1, 徐小露2   

  1. 1. 蚂蚁金融服务集团, 浙江 杭州 310007;
    2. 对外经济贸易大学 法学院, 北京 100020
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-23 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-06-03
  • 作者简介:李海英(1976-),女,吉林舒兰人,高级工程师,硕士,研究方向为网络法、数字贸易国际规则.

Choice of Chinese Personal Information Protection Law in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

LI Haiying1, XU Xiaolu2   

  1. 1. Ant Financial Services Group, Hangzhou Zhejiang 310007, China;
    2. School of Law, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100020, China
  • Received:2020-03-23 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-06-03

摘要: 个人信息保护立法的发展与所处的时代背景密切相关,从互联网商用到大数据的广泛应用,人工智能时代的技术和产业变革对个人信息来源、目的、存储及处理之要求产生的巨大变化使得个人信息保护之挑战日益严峻,传统的个人信息保护规范难以应对当下的需求。为应对"百年未有之大变局",创新地制定面向未来技术、经济、社会发展的个人信息保护规则,中国未来的《个人信息保护法》应充分回应新兴技术之发展需要;顺应个人信息保护重点从收集向使用转移、个人信息保护责任从信息主体向信息控制者转移之国际趋势;有针对性地借鉴GDPR、CCPA等前沿立法之理论与实践得失;对生物特征识别技术、自动化决策等具体制度作出前瞻性制度设计,在关注个人隐私保护之同时,充分利用人工智能之产业优势为社会经济发展开辟道路。

关键词: 人工智能, 隐私保护, 生物特征识别, 自动化决策, 个人信息保护法

Abstract: The personal data protection legislation is closely related to the background of the era in which it is located. The widespread use of Internet, the application of big data and the technological and industrial changes in the artificial intelligence era has made tremendous changes in the requirements for the source, purpose, storage and processing of personal data. The challenges of personal data protection are becoming increasingly severe, and traditional norms are difficult to meet current protection needs. To cope with the big changes and creatively formulate personal data protection rules for future technological, economic, and social development, China's future Personal Information Protection Law should take the following actions:It should fully respond to the development needs of emerging technologies; it should comply with the international trend of data protection, with the point shifting from collection to use, with the protection responsibility shifting from data subject to data controller; it should purposefully draw on the theoretical and practical gains and losses of cutting-edge legislation such as GDPR and CCPA. In view of biometric identification technology and automated decision-making system, while paying attention to the protection of personal privacy, it should also make full use of the industrial advantages of artificial intelligence to open the way for social and economic development.

Key words: artificial intelligence, privacy protection, biometric identification, automated decision-making, Personal Information Protection Law

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