北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 113-126.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0119

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同类型政策对资源循环利用企业绩效的影响

张其春, 艾良友, 李双荣   

  1. 阳光学院 现代管理学院, 福建 福州 350015
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-26 发布日期:2021-06-08
  • 作者简介:张其春(1981-),男,福建永春人,教授,博士,研究方向为环境与资源管理.
  • 基金资助:
    福建省自然科学基金面上项目(2019J01789);教育部人文社会科学研究项目(19YJC790001)

Effect of Different Types of Policies on Performance of Resource Recycling Enterprises

ZHANG Qichun, AI Liangyou, LI Shuangrong   

  1. School of Modern Management, Yango University, Fuzhou Fujian 350015, China
  • Received:2020-03-26 Published:2021-06-08

摘要: 资源循环利用产业具有准公共性和不成熟性双重特征,得到了政府强有力的政策支持,但政策作用机理及效果评价却未引起足够重视。通过引入动态可持续能力的中介作用和政策敏感度的调节作用,构建政策影响资源循环利用企业绩效的理论模型,并利用312份来自国家城市矿产示范基地的样本数据,借助结构方程模型和调节回归分析探讨不同类型政策发挥作用的机制、路径和效应。研究表明:命令控制型政策对资源循环利用企业绩效具有显著负向效应,经济激励型政策与鼓励引导型政策具有显著正向效应;动态可持续能力在鼓励引导型政策与资源循环利用企业绩效之间发挥完全中介作用,而在经济激励型政策与资源循环利用企业绩效之间发挥部分中介作用;政策敏感度在经济激励型政策、鼓励引导型政策与动态可持续能力之间产生了显著的正向调节效应。这些结论揭示了不同类型政策对资源循环利用企业绩效的影响机理,对企业提升其可持续绩效具有重要决策参考价值。

关键词: 政策效应, 资源循环利用, 企业绩效, 政策敏感性, 动态可持续能力

Abstract: Resource recycling is a strategic emerging industry with dual characteristics of quasi publicity and immaturity, and has received strong policy support from Chinese government. However, the policy effect mechanism and comprehensive evaluation have not been paid enough attention. This paper constructs a conceptual model of the influence of policies on the performance of resource recycling enterprise by introducing dynamic sustainability and policy sensitivity. To explore the effective mechanism and transmission paths among different variables, an empirical study was carried out by using structural equation model and regulatory regression analysis based on 312 questionnaires from national urban mineral demonstration bases. Results show that the command-control policies have significant negative effect on the performance of resource recycling, but the economic-incentive policies and the encourage-voluntary policies have significant positive effects. The dynamic sustainability plays a full mediating role between the encourage-voluntary policies and resource recycling performance, while the economic-incentive policy plays a partial mediating effect. Policy sensitivity has significant positive moderating effect both between economic-incentive policies and dynamic sustainability, encourage-voluntary policies and dynamic sustainability. These results reveal the process mechanism of different types of policies affecting the performance of resource recycling enterprises, which will provide important decision-making basis for improving the performance of resource recycling in China.

Key words: policy effect, resource recycling, enterprise performance, policy sensitivity, dynamic sustainability

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