北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 55-60.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0187

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

社会心理服务体系建设与健康社会心态培育——基于重大突发事件应对的实证分析

付丽莎   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-05 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 作者简介:付丽莎(1988-),女,河北衡水人,副教授,博士,研究方向为心理学、思想政治教育.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(20AZD085);北京航空航天大学第二批人文社科拔尖人才支持计划(YWF-20-BJ-W-232)

Construction of Public Psychological Services System and Cultivation of Social Mentality: Empirical Analysis Based on Major Emergencies

FU Lisha   

  1. School of Marxism, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-05-05 Published:2020-12-02

摘要: 社会心理服务体系是社会治理体系的重要组成部分,其目的是为了培育自尊自信、理性平和、积极向上的社会心态,其定位和内涵要从政策、理论和实践三个层面上把握。在新冠肺炎疫情下,社会心态表现出群体恐慌、信心危机和道德失范等负面特点。全国社会心理服务体系建设试点地区纷纷响应,取得了一定成效,也反映出一些不足,主要表现为:政策出台和响应速度较快,但"应急救火"倾向明显;社会力量初步发挥作用,但大多以"散兵游勇"出现;工作方式多样,但"供过于求"现象普遍。要进一步推进社会心理服务体系建设,就必须拓展社会心理服务体系的范畴,构建心理健康服务、社会心态引导和核心价值观培育"三位一体"的"大心理"格局。

关键词: 社会心理服务体系, 社会心态, 心理健康, 新冠肺炎疫情

Abstract: As an essential part of the social governance system, the public psychological services system (PPSS) aims to cultivate self-esteem, self-confidence, rationality, composure, and optimism in society. The outbreak of COVID-19 aroused fear, distrust and immorality among people. Experimental PPSS districts, across China took swift actions and achieved certain successful results. However, several problems also appeared. Firstly, although the response speed was quite fast, most teams were set up temporarily instead of regularly. Secondly, social organizations played an important role in this process, but they acted all alone rather than in unity. Thirdly, there were too many kinds of psychological aids that the supply exceeded the demand. The above problems could be solved by building a bigger picture of PPSS, which contains mental health services, social mentality guidance and core values cultivation.

Key words: public psychological services system, social mentality, mental health, COVID-19 epidemic

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