北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 67-74.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0188

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

后疫情时代理工类学生的专业素质教育——以道德胜任力重返社会

张正清, 严玉蓉   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-05 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 作者简介:张正清(1989-),男,河北辛集人,讲师,博士,研究方向为马克思主义基本原理、科学技术哲学.
  • 基金资助:
    工业和信息化部党的政治建设研究中心重点课题(19GZY201)

Professional Literacy of STEM Students in Post-epidemic Era: Return to Local Society by Moral Competence

ZHANG Zhengqing, YAN Yurong   

  1. School of Marxism, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-05-05 Published:2020-12-02

摘要: 疫情防控过程中,专家与公众的沟通问题再次得到人们的关注,特别是理工类(STEM)学生在疫情防控中的很多行为并没有符合社会对于专业人士的期望。在理工类教育中,专业素质提供学生以专业身份融入到社会语境中的能力。但是今天的理工类教育没有充分关注到伦理教育与专业素质教育的关系,导致了学生的专业角色与社会身份之间的矛盾以及运用专业知识与社会知识之间的矛盾。而从道德胜任力出发可以应对专业素质中的社会价值维度缺失问题,从胜任意愿、胜任知识、胜任能力三个方面来解决共同体、知识体系与身份中的割裂问题,可以让理工类学生从专业知识体系中重返社会语境,更好地应对社会中突发的科技事件。

关键词: 疫情, 理工类教育, 专业知识, 专业素质, 道德胜任力

Abstract: The communication between experts and public in the epidemic has once again obtained attention in academic, especially the conduct of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) students have not met the expectations of the community for professionals. In STEM education, professional literacy provides students with the ability to integrate into the social context as an expert. However, it turns out to be inadequate for the relationship between ethics and professional literacy in STEM education, which leads to the contradiction between students' professional identity and social identity, as well as between the utilization of expertise and social knowledge. From the perspective of moral competence, the lack of the social value dimension in professional literacy can be reflected. STEM students will return to local society from expertise system and therefore respond the emerging and emergency affairs better in science and technology, due to the splits in community, knowledge system and identity are restored by competence intention, competence knowledge and competence skill.

Key words: epidemic, STEM education, expertise, professional literacy, moral competence

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