北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 147-153.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0269

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

专业学位研究生案例教学的相关问题辨析

郑晓齐, 马小燕   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-08 发布日期:2021-04-02
  • 作者简介:郑晓齐(1958—),男,山东淄博人,教授,博士,研究方向为教育经济与管理.

Case Method for Professional Degree Graduate Students

ZHENG Xiaoqi, MA Xiaoyan   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-06-08 Published:2021-04-02

摘要: 案例教学将现实情境拟真化,一定程度上解决了课堂教学理论与实践脱节的弊端,是培养专业学位研究生职业能力的重要手段。自引入案例教学以来,不同学科领域的研究者针对案例教学的不同面向进行过解构与分析。采用文献分析法,系统梳理了案例教学的起源与发展传播、案例教学与传统教学的比较以及案例教学的重要组织形式这三大焦点问题。在此基础上,提出:针对众说纷纭的起源说,应进一步明确美国哈佛大学法学院是现代案例教学的发源地;对传统教学的评价需结合专业学位研究生教育的应用导向进行具体区分,不能一概而论;哈佛式案例教学要基于中国国情进行本土化调整,参访式案例教学应从指导教师、参访案例、参访接待单位、院系支持等方面着手优化。

关键词: 专业学位研究生, 案例教学起源, 传统教学, 哈佛式案例教学, 参访式案例教学

Abstract: Case method, which can simulate the real situation, solves the problem of the disconnection between the theory and practice of classroom teaching to a certain extent, and is an important means to cultivate the professional ability of professional degree graduate students. Since the introduction of case method, researchers in different disciplines have deconstructed and analyzed different aspects of case method. By using the method of literature analysis, this paper systematically analyses the origin, development and communication of case method, the comparison between case method and traditional teaching, and the important organizational form of case method. On this basis, the following understandings are proposed: according to the origin of different opinions, it is further clarified that Harvard Law School is the birthplace of modern case method in the United States; the evaluation of traditional teaching needs to be specifically differentiated in combination with the application orientation of professional degree graduate education, which cannot be generalized; Harvard case method needs to be localized and adjusted based on China's national conditions,and visiting case method should be optimized from the aspects of instructor, visiting case, visiting reception unit and support of departments.

Key words: professional degree graduate student, origin of case method, traditional teaching, Harvard case method, visiting case method

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