北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 133-140.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0328

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

完善民航突发公共卫生事件立法的思考

张君周   

  1. 中国民航管理干部学院 国际民航组织安保培训中心, 北京 100102
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-03 发布日期:2020-10-10
  • 作者简介:张君周(1978-),女,山东郓城人,副教授,博士,研究方向为国际民航公约、航空犯罪.

Improvement of Legislation of Civil Aviation Public Health Emergency

ZHANG Junzhou   

  1. Aviation Security Training Center of International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, Beijing 100102, China
  • Received:2020-07-03 Published:2020-10-10

摘要: 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情给全球带来了严重的影响,民航运输也受到了巨大的冲击,损失惨重。国际民航组织将防疫工作列为优先事项,配合世界卫生组织的要求,发布了一系列措施与建议,协助各成员国开展理性防疫。中国现有的国家应急立法与民航相关应急预案为本次民航防疫提供了有力支持。考虑当前疫情频发,民航防疫工作常态化的需要以及中央会议加强应急立法的要求,建议制定专门的民航规章巩固已有防疫经验,明确职责分工并为信息报送、新技术应用以及应急运输保障等重要工作提供立法支持。同时,还应完善相关预案建设,保障立法的可执行性。

关键词: 民航, 新型冠状病毒肺炎, 突发公共卫生事件, 应急控制预案体系, 法治保障

Abstract: The corona virus disease (COVID-19) has brought serious impacts to the world. Civil aviation transportation has also suffered tremendous impacts and heavy losses. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has made epidemic prevention as a priority task, cooperated with the World Health Organization (WHO), and issued a series of measures and suggestions to assist member states in controlling COVID-19 rationally. China's existing national emergency legislation and civil aviation related emergency plans provide strong support for COVID-19 epidemic prevention. Considering the frequent outbreak of the current epidemic situation, it is suggested to formulate special regulations to consolidate the experience of civil aviation epidemic prevention, clarify the division of responsibilities, and provide legislative support for information communication, new technologies application, emergency transportation support and other important work. Those suggestions should also be based on the spirit of the CPC Central Committee meeting to strengthen emergency legislation. Meanwhile, we should improve the construction of relevant emergency plans to ensure the enforceability of legislation.

Key words: civil aviation, COVID-19, public health emergency, contingency prevention and control plan system, safeguard of laws

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