北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 54-62.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0335

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

公共卫生应急协同治理中志愿组织“嵌入”研究

杜孝珍, 袁乃佳   

  1. 天津师范大学 政治与行政学院, 天津 300387
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-07 发布日期:2020-10-10
  • 作者简介:杜孝珍(1974-),女,陕西镇巴人,教授,博士,研究方向为公共政策与公共危机管理.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金(15BGL183)

“Embedding” of Voluntary Organizations in Collaborative Governance of Public Health Emergencies

DU Xiaozhen, YUAN Naijia   

  1. School of Politics and Public Administration, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
  • Received:2020-07-07 Published:2020-10-10

摘要: 突发事件协同治理不是多元主体的简单拼凑或机械组合,而是按照应急管理情境实现有效互动与融合的过程。志愿组织是公共卫生应急协同治理中的主要嵌入力量。在新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控过程中,志愿组织通过资源、功能与关系的主动嵌入,体现了与以往志愿服务不同的组织化、社会化、在线化等特点,成为应急协同治理体系中的重要组成部分。这源自政策工具的组合、嵌套、互洽与创新的公共政策实践,更源自中国特色社会主义制度的强大优势。由于目前应急协同治理格局尚在建设之中,志愿组织的"嵌入"行动依然受到制度、技术与理念等因素的制约,需要通过完善应急法律保障机制与协同治理体系、理顺政社关系、增强志愿组织自身能力等途径进一步推动志愿组织的"嵌入"行动。

关键词: 志愿组织, 公共卫生事件, 协同治理, 嵌入式理论, 应急管理

Abstract: Collaborative governance of emergency is not a simple patchwork or mechanical combination of multiple subjects, but a process of effective interaction and integration according to the emergency management situation. Voluntary organizations are the main embedded forces in the collaborative governance of public health emergencies. In the process of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention and control, voluntary organizations actively embedded resources, functions and relationships, reflecting the characteristics of organization, socialization, and online system that are different from previous volunteer services, thus, become an important part of emergency collaborative governance system. This progress comes from the combination, nesting, mutual consultation and innovation of policy tools, and more from the strong advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. At present, the pattern of emergency collaborative governance is still under construction, and the "embedding" action of voluntary organizations is still affected by system, technology and concept. So, it is necessary to further promote the "embedding" action of voluntary organizations by improving the emergency legal guarantee mechanism and collaborative governance system, straightening out the relationship between government and society, and enhancing the ability of voluntary organizations.

Key words: voluntary organizations, public health emergencies, collaborative governance, embeddedness theory, emergency management

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