北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 125-133.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0369

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

无人机产品管理法律制度建构

王锡柱   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-28 发布日期:2021-02-02
  • 作者简介:王锡柱(1990-),男,山东东阿人,博士,研究方向为航空法.
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(20YJC820046);中国博士后科学基金(2020M670079)

Construction of UAV Product Management Legal System

WANG Xizhu   

  1. School of Law, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-07-28 Published:2021-02-02

摘要: 无人机在推动社会发展的同时也隐含众多风险,在产品设计、生产、销售阶段对其实施管理是有效控制风险的路径之一。对无人机产品实施管理时,可先将其界定为航空器,并在此基础上进行细分。在具体监管制度的构建中,应在无人机监管框架内合理设定产品管理阶段的任务,重点关注无人机的部件质量、飞行性能、安全保障技术等内容,产品的研发设计者、生产制造者、检测者、销售者分别对产品不同环节的合规性内容负责。在适用于不同类型的无人机时,可在保障安全的基础上对具体合规性内容进行调整。此外,无人机产品生产与销售主体资质、产品修改的限制及其程序、产品的数据追踪与产品召回、产品主体的责任追究与产品保险也是无人机产品监管中应予关注的问题。

关键词: 无人机, 航空器, 飞行安全, 产品管理, 合规要求

Abstract: UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) imply many risks while promoting social development. Managing them in the product design, production and sales stages is one of the effective ways to control risks. When implementing management of a drone product, UAVs can be first defined as an aircraft, and subdivided on this basis. In the construction of the specific supervision system, the tasks of the product management stage should be reasonably set within the framework of the drone supervision, focusing on the parts quality, flight performance, safety assurance technology, etc. of the drone, product designer, production manufacturers, inspectors, and the responsibility of sellers for the compliance content of different parts of the product. When applicable to different types of drones, specific compliance content can be adjusted based on security. In addition, product subject qualification, product modification, product tracking and recall, product liability and insurance should also be addressed in the supervision of drones.

Key words: UAV, aircraft, flight safety, product management, compliance requirements

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