北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 24-33.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0390

• 哲学与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

《大学》简述

张学智   

  1. 北京大学 哲学系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-11 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 作者简介:张学智(1952-),男,宁夏中卫人,教授,博士,研究方向为中国哲学史、儒家哲学、宋明理学、中国现代哲学.

An Introduction of the Great Learning

ZHANG Xuezhi   

  1. Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-08-11 Published:2020-12-02

摘要: 《大学》本是《礼记》中的一篇,韩愈为复兴儒学,开始表彰《大学》。及至南宋,朱熹将《大学》列为《四书》之一,《大学》的重要性得到很大提高。之后《大学》成为科举考试的重要内容之一,对儒学乃至整个中国文化产生了极大影响。《大学》全文分经一章、传十章,内容围绕三纲领八条目展开。三领纲八条目规定了学习要达到的目标以及达成目标的步骤。学习《四书》时,应从《大学》入手,"以定其规模"。

关键词: 《大学》, 三纲领, 八条目, 《四书》

Abstract: The Great Learning (Daxue) was one chapter of the Record of the Rites (Liji). Han Yu emphasized the importance of Daxue with the aim of reviving Confucianism. Zhu Xi chose Daxue as one part of the Four Books and the status of Daxue was improved. And then Daxue became a significant classic resource of imperial examination, which has a great influence on Confucianism and Chinese culture. Daxue consists of one chapter (jing) and ten commentaries, and the core content is three principles and eight items (sangang bamu). These three principles and eight items describe the target and procedure of study. As a result, the study of Daxue should be the first step of the study of the Four Books for it confirms the study framework of study.

Key words: Daxue, three principles, eight items, the Four Books

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