北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 11-20.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0399

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

人格权一般条款的规范分析

雷震文   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-14 发布日期:2020-10-10
  • 作者简介:雷震文(1986-),男,广西钦州人,助理教授,博士,研究方向为民商法、罗马法、比较法和网络法.
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(17JJD820007);中国科协2020年"高端科技创新智库青年项目"

Analysis on the General Provision of the Personal Rights

LEI Zhenwen   

  1. School of Law, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-08-14 Published:2020-10-10

摘要: 人格权一般条款是《民法典》为保持人格权体系的开放性,全面强化对人格利益保护而作的制度安排。其虽然在规范措辞上表现出与《宪法》中的基本权利规范和《民法典》总则编中关于保护基本人格的规定较明显的相似性,并在基本功能上与侵权责任的一般条款存在一定重叠,但并非是对既有规范的简单重复,基于其特殊的体系地位,人格权一般条款在对民事主体人格利益的保护中具有较为独立的价值。就该条款法律属性产生的争议实质是一种纯粹理论解释上的分歧,以维护概念的严谨性和解释力为考虑,应当坚持对其作为人格权一般条款的属性定位。针对其一般条款的本质,以规范的适用为着眼,在明确其基本内涵的基础上,需运用类型化和个案衡平的思路就对《民法典》第990条第2款作出必要的价值补充。

关键词: 基本权利, 人格尊严, 一般条款, 侵权责任, 价值补充

Abstract: The general provision of the personal rights is a special clause in Civil Code aiming at maintaining the flexibility of the code and comprehensive protection of the personal dignity. It holds the similar expression to the provision of the basic rights in Chinese Constitution and the dignity-clause of the Civil Code, and plays a parallel function of the general provision in Tort Law. However, with its particular role, the general provision takes its own value in the legal system. The dispute on the nature of this clause is actually a theoretical controversy. Considering the conceptual accuracy of law, its nature as a general provision of personal rights rather than a general right of person should be insisted. Finally, in order to realize a better application of this provision and the specific exposition of the meaning of each term, the typical thinking and the discretion judicial obviously are needed.

Key words: fundamental right, human dignity, general provision, Tort Law, value-added

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