北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 101-106.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0427

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

太空交通管理问题的认识与思考

刘震鑫, 张涛, 郭丽红   

  1. 北京跟踪与通信技术研究所, 北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-07 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 作者简介:刘震鑫(1981-),男,河南郑州人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为安全战略与国际规则.

Understanding and Thinking about Space Traffic Management

LIU Zhenxin, ZHANG Tao, GUO Lihong   

  1. Beijing Institute of Tracking and Telecommunications Technology, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2020-09-07 Published:2020-12-02

摘要: 太空交通管理是为保证太空活动安全和可持续发展,维护太空活动秩序而提供的服务与管理。太空交通管理问题的发展演变,主要呈现出概念提出和学术研究、政府介入推动、美国率先行动抢夺先机等三个基本态势。太空交通管理问题主要涉及规则话语、太空发展和太空安全三个方面核心问题,存在国际、国内双重挑战风险。与此同时,这一议题也为中国提供了推动人类命运共同体理念,加速建设航天强国的良好战略机遇。为推进太空交通管理,首先,应加强战略统筹,设计提出"中国方案";其次,应着力构建太空交通管理技术规则体系;最后,持续推动太空态势感知、航天器管控系统等国家航天基础设施建设。

关键词: 太空交通管理, 太空规则, 战略统筹, 航天基础设施建设

Abstract: Space traffic management is the service and management provided to ensure the safety, security and sustainable development of space activities and maintain the order of space activities. The evolution of space traffic management issues mainly presents three basic development trends: concept proposal and academic research, government intervention and promotion, and the United States taking the lead to seize opportunities. Space traffic management issues mainly involve three core issues, such as rule discourse, space development and space safety, and there are risks of international and domestic challenges. At the same time, this topic also provides a good strategic opportunity for China to promote the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind and accelerate the building of a space power. In order to promote space traffic management, firstly, we should strengthen strategic coordination and design and put forward a "China's proposals"; secondly, we should focus on building a space traffic management technical rule system; and finally continue to promote the construction of space situational awareness, spacecraft management and control systems and other national space infrastructure.

Key words: space traffic management, space rules, strategic planning, space infrastructure construction

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