北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 91-98.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0451

• 哲学与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国哲学构建法、中国哲学史书写法新论

张耀南1, 刘璐瑶2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学高等研究院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-21 发布日期:2021-04-02
  • 作者简介:张耀南(1963—),男,湖南石门县人,教授,博士,研究方向为中国哲学、比较哲学、知识学、自然国学与科技史.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA023);国家社会科学基金一般项目(16BZX035);北京市社会科学基金重点项目(15ZXA005);全国文化名家暨"四个一批"人才项目(中宣办发〔2015〕49号)

New Discussion on Construction Method of Chinese Philosophy and Writing Method of History of Chinese Philosophy

ZHANG Yaonan1, LIU Luyao2   

  1. 1. Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Public Administration, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-09-21 Published:2021-04-02

摘要: 分析甲午以降中国人自己的"中国哲学(史)"构建法、书写法,可清晰发现三款格式之存在:基于"汉学"背景之构建法、书写法;基于"国学"背景之构建法、书写法;基于"华学"背景之构建法、书写法。学者们分别采用三套格式来研究"中国哲学(史)",从"格式学"角度观察,此三款格式既有区别,又有联系。"汉学"对应比较哲学之"西化比"格式,谢无量、胡适、冯友兰等采用之;"国学"对应比较哲学之"并置比"格式,张东荪、张岱年等采用之;"华学"对应比较哲学之"化西比"格式,目前正在构建中,所得必为"华学款中国哲学(史)"。对于"华学款中国哲学(史)"之构建与书写,文章给出三大展望。

关键词: 汉学, 国学, 华学, 西化比, 并置比, 化西比, 中国哲学, 中国哲学史

Abstract: From the Sino-Japanese War of 1894—1895, there are three paradigmologies that are based on the background of "Han-view" "China-view" and "Sinophone-view" for the construction and writing method of "Chinese Philosophy (History)" in China. Researchers have studied "Chinese Philosophy (History)" from the three dimensions of "Han-view" "China-view" and "Sinophone-view". From the perspective of "paradigmology", these three views are both different and related. "Han-view" corresponds to "the westernized way" in comparative philosophy, adopted by Xie Wuliang, Hu Shi, and Feng Youlan."China-view" corresponds to "the juxtaposed way", adopted by Zhang Dongsun and Zhang Dainian."Sinophone-view" corresponds to "the sinicized way, which is currently under construction. This paper gives three major prospects for the construction and writing method of "Chinese Philosophy (History)" from the sinophone view.

Key words: Han-view, China-view, Sinophone-view, westernized way, juxtaposed way, sinicized way, Chinese Philosophy, Chinese Philosophy History

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