北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 18-23.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0483

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

人工智能的伦理风险及其治理

郭锐   

  1. 中国人民大学 法学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-14 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 作者简介:郭锐(1978-),男,山西交城人,副教授,博士,中国人民大学未来法治研究院社会责任和治理研究中心主任,研究方向为商法、科技法、人权法.

Ethical Risk of AI and Its Governance

GUO Rui   

  1. Law School, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2020-10-14 Published:2020-12-02

摘要: 以人工智能技术的研发和应用为代表的新一轮科技革命,在方便人们生活的同时也带来了复杂的伦理问题和治理挑战。为应对这些问题和挑战,文章通过类型化分析和案例分析,梳理了电子商务平台精准营销、自动驾驶、媒体智能推荐等诸多典型场景下人工智能伦理问题,从算法、数据和应用三个方面分析了人工智能伦理问题的风险性质,在此基础上得出了"持续性风险管理"是人工智能治理较优路径的结论,并就人工智能伦理风险管理的方式提出了政策建议。

关键词: 人工智能, 伦理风险, 风险管理, 伦理秩序, 社会治理

Abstract: The new round of technological revolution, represented by the research, development and application of artificial intelligence (AI) technology, has brought complex ethical issues and governance challenges while improving people's lives. In order to address these issues and challenges, this paper analyzes the nature of the AI ethical risks from the dimensions of algorithm, data and application. The paper also surveys typical ethical risks from various case studies, and proposes a sustainable risk management approach. Based on the approach, the paper makes several policy recommendations on how to manage the ethical risk in AI.

Key words: artificial intelligence, ethical risk, risk management, ethical order, social governance

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