北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 51-57.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0518

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

突发公共卫生事件下社会救助资源统筹与优化

詹绍文, 周洋   

  1. 西安建筑科技大学 公共管理学院, 陕西 西安 710055
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-05 发布日期:2021-10-09
  • 作者简介:詹绍文(1969-),男,湖北罗田县人,教授,博士,研究方向为区域经济发展管理、公共政策分析.

Coordination and Optimization of Social Assistance Resources under Public Health Emergencies

ZHAN Shaowen, ZHOU Yang   

  1. School of Public Administration, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an Shaanxi 710055, China
  • Received:2020-11-05 Published:2021-10-09

摘要: 新冠肺炎疫情不仅检验了中国社会治理的巨大能量,同时也暴露出在应急资源配置中的一些不足。在从救助物资及物流系统、救助人员和信息资源及共享平台三个方面梳理重大卫生事件中社会救助资源的类别及供给的基础上,结合分析此次疫情应对中出现的实际问题,就提高重大突发公共卫生事件的救助资源统筹安排提出应建立国家救助物资应急保障体系,构建应急指挥调度中心和决策机制,构建多主体协同合作的社会救助资源配置机制,搭建突发公共卫生事件大数据信息平台。

关键词: 疫情救助, 社会救助资源, 资源统筹, 资源配置, 公共卫生事件

Abstract: The COVID-19 epidemic has not only tested the great power of social governance in China, but also exposed some deficiencies in the allocation of emergency resources in China. This paper divides social rescue resources into three classes:relief supplies and logistics system, aid workers, and information resources and information sharing platforms. After an analysis of the practical problems arising from this outbreak, four strategies for improving rescue resource coordination in major public health emergencies are proposed. The first is to establish a national emergency relief supply system, the second is to build an emergency command and scheduling center and decision-making mechanism, the third is to develop a multi-agent collaborative mechanism for allocation of rescue resources, and the last one is to set up a public health emergency data information platform.

Key words: epidemic assistance, social rescue resources, resource coordination, resource allocation, public health event

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