北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 50-61.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0520

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

流动人口养老保险治理现代化——中央、地方政府和用人单位三方博弈视角

贾洪波1, 杨昊雯2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 社会保障研究中心, 北京 100083;
    2. 澳大利亚国立大学 商业与经济学院, 堪培拉 2601
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-05 发布日期:2021-02-02
  • 作者简介:贾洪波(1976-),男,甘肃镇原人,教授,博士,研究方向为社会养老保险、社会医疗保险、社会保障经济理论与实践.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(72074016);国家社会科学基金重大项目(20&ZD077)

Governance Modernization for Old-age Insurance of Floating Population: From Perspective of Game among the Central Government, Local Government and Employer

JIA Hongbo1, YANG Haowen2   

  1. 1. Research Center for Social Security, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. College of Business and Economics, Australian National University, Canberra 2601, Australia
  • Received:2020-11-05 Published:2021-02-02

摘要: 相当一部分人口流动的地域范围超越了养老保险基金统筹层次所对应的行政区域,而属地化管理的养老保险制度对这一问题应对不力,从而造成了部分流动人口养老保险权益受损。流动人口养老保险权益受损的具体表现是部分流动人口养老保险参保率不高、养老保险关系转移接续不顺畅以及养老保险待遇偏低。中央政府、地方政府以及用人单位三者博弈形成的防共谋均衡对流动人口养老保险权益残缺提供了一个解释视角。构建并求解中央政府、地方政府与用人单位混合策略博弈,结果表明中央政府应该积极践行“放管服”改革、适当降低用人单位缴纳的养老保险费用、提升监管的有效性有利于打破流动人口养老保险权益保护中的防共谋均衡以推动流动人口养老保险治理现代化。

关键词: 养老保险, 流动人口, 中央政府, 地方政府, 用人单位

Abstract: The considerable number of floating population exceeds the administrative regions corresponding to the pooling level of old-age insurance fund due to migration while the local management of old-age insurance system is ineffective in dealing with this problem, which results in the damage of old-age insurance rights of some floating population. The concrete manifestation of the loss of old-age insurance rights of part of floating population is low participation rate, difficult transfer and connection, and low benefit for old-age insurance. The coalition-proof equilibrium formed by the game among the central government, local government and employer provides an explanatory perspective for the incomplete old-age insurance rights of floating population. This paper develops and solves a mixed strategy game among central government, local government and employer, the results show that the central government should actively implement the reform of decentralization, regulation and service, appropriately reduce the old-age insurance expense paid by the employer, and improve the effectiveness of regulation, which is conducive to break the coalition-proof equilibrium in the protection of the old-age insurance rights of the floating population to enhance the governance modernization for old-age insurance of floating population.

Key words: old-age insurance, floating population, central government, local government, employer

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