北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 154-160.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2020.0537

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    

全日制专业硕士培养现状及对策——以北京航空航天大学机械专业为例

何岚   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-18 发布日期:2021-04-02
  • 作者简介:何岚(1983—),女,湖南湘潭人,助理研究员,博士研究生,研究方向为教育经济与管理.

Current Situation and Countermeasures of Full-time Professional Master Training: A Case Study of Mechanical Engineering of Beihang University

HE Lan   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-11-18 Published:2021-04-02

摘要: 面对目前复杂的国际国内形势和对培养多样化、创新型的卓越工程科技人才的需求,全日制专业硕士教育即将进入飞速发展的阶段,也在国家人才培养体系中显现出越来越重要的作用。以北京航空航天大学机械专业为例,分析机械专业全日制专业硕士招生人数及生源质量、培养现状和培养体系特点。基于资料分析和访谈的方法,发现目前存在的培养方案和课程设置不能紧跟社会需求的变化、缺乏专门的实践基地和相应的人才培养机制、双导师制度作用发挥缺失、工程意识和工程实践能力的缺乏等问题。提出应以社会需求为导向,调整专业人才培养定位、争取政府和企业支持,加强校外校内实践基地建设、设立专门管理机构,充分发挥双导师制度作用,系统培养工程意识,提高工程实践能力的建议,以期推进机械专业全日制专业硕士培养模式改革,促进机械专业人才培养与行业需求衔接。

关键词: 全日制专业硕士培养, 校企合作, 实践基地, 双导师, 工程意识, 工程实践能力

Abstract: Facing the complex international and domestic situation, and the demand for training diversified and innovative outstanding engineering and technological talents, full-time professional master education is about to enter a period of rapid development. It will also play a more and more important role in the process of cultivating national talents. Taking mechanical engineering of Beihang University as an example, this paper analyzes the enrollment of full-time professional masters in mechanical engineering, the quality of students, the current status of training and the characteristics of the training system. Use methods based on data analysis and intervies, finds the existing problems, such as the disconnection between training program and curriculum setting and social demand, the lack of specialized practice base and corresponding talent training mechanism, the lack of the role of the dual tutor system, and the lack of engineering consciousness and engineering practice ability. Guided by social needs, this paper puts forward the following suggestions: we should adjust professional talent training positioning, strive for government and corporate support, strengthen the construction of practice bases on campus and off-campus, set up special management institutions, give full play to the role of double mentor, systematically cultivate engineering consciousness and improve engineering practice ability, promote the reform of the full-time professional master's training model for machinery as scheduled, and promote the convergence of the training of machinery professionals with the demands of industry.

Key words: full-time professional master training, school enterprise cooperation, practice base, double mentor, engineering consciousness, engineering practice ability

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