北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 131-141.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0041

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国空间站国际合作知识产权的法律保护

蔡高强, 张金凤   

  1. 湘潭大学 法学院, 湖南 湘潭 411105
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-05 发布日期:2021-08-06
  • 作者简介:蔡高强(1967-),男,湖南益阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际法、国际经济法、国际空间法.
  • 基金资助:
    国家航天局、中国空间法学会2020—2021年学术研究项目(CISL-2019-01)

Intellectual Property Protection of International Cooperation of Chinese Space Station

CAI Gaoqiang, ZHANG Jinfeng   

  1. Law School, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan 411105
  • Received:2021-02-05 Published:2021-08-06

摘要: 中国空间站开启了中国航天国际合作的新征程,期间将产生诸多极具核心竞争力的国际空间合作知识产权,亟需体系化的空间知识产权制度保障中国国家利益和空间站可持续发展。通过比较研究中国空间站的特性和世界空间知识产权领域的现有规定,发现中国空间站国际合作知识产权保护存在立法缺失、产权流失等制度性困境。为此,需要通过提高国内法的兼容性和体系性增强法律稳定性和指导性,创设空间知识产权专门管理机构并设置严格的保密机制,利用债权救济和国家责任制度促进空间产权纠纷救济的创新转化。提出在强化国家产权能力的同时更应着眼于国内国际保护网络的双向互济,优化中国空间站国际合作知识产权保护的伙伴关系和外部环境,以期为世界提供外空探索的中国经验和国际公共产品。

关键词: 中国空间站, 国际合作知识产权, 产权能力, 保密管理, 法律保护, 国际合作

Abstract: Chinese space station opened a new journey for China's international space cooperation,during which, many international space cooperation intellectual property rights with core competitiveness are produced. Therefore, it is urgent to establish a systematic space intellectual property system to protect China's national interests and the sustainable development of the space station. By comparing the characteristics of Chinese space station and the existing regulations in the field of world space intellectual property rights, it is found that there are some institutional dilemmas in the protection of intellectual property rights for the international cooperation of Chinese space station, such as the lack of legislation and the loss of property rights. For this purpose, it is necessary to improve the compatibility and systematization of domestic laws to enhance the legal quality; set up a special space intellectual property regulatory agency and a strict confidentiality mechanism; it is also necessary to promote the innovation and transformation of the relief of space property rights disputes by using the system of creditor's rights relief and state responsibility. While strengthening the national property rights capacity, we need to focus on the two-way mutual aid of domestic and international protection networks, and optimize the partnership and external environment for international cooperation in intellectual property protection of Chinese space station, to provide the world with China's experience and international public goods in outer space exploration.

Key words: Chinese space station, intellectual property of international cooperation, property rights capacity, confidentiality management, legal protection, global cooperation

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