北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 142-150.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0045

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

专业学位研究生教育发展国际趋势及启示

马永红, 张飞龙   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-22 发布日期:2021-06-08
  • 作者简介:马永红(1966-),安徽安庆人,教授,博士,研究方向为研究生教育研究.
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学基金(19YJA880044)

International Trend and Enlightenment of Professional Degree Postgraduate Education

MA Yonghong, ZHANG Feilong   

  1. Institute of Higher Education, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-02-22 Published:2021-06-08

摘要: 专业学位已经成为中国主要学位类型之一。美国、英国、法国、德国、日本、韩国等发达国家专业学位研究生教育发展时间长,总结其经验和发展趋势,将为中国专业学位研究生教育未来可持续性发展提供重要借鉴。运用国际比较法,对专业学位研究生教育的国际趋势进行研究。研究发现,专业学位研究生教育呈现出对专业学位的认知宽容度增加、结构趋于合理、规模继续扩张、认证文化更加浓烈、产教融合更加深入、设置流程更加规范等基本特征。提出中国专业学位研究生教育未来可持续性发展应扩大专业学位研究生教育规模,促进认证文化推动质量保障体系建设,试点以"现代学徒制"为代表的深度产教融合培养模式。

关键词: 专业学位, 研究生教育, 产教融合, 现代学徒制, 认证文化

Abstract: Professional degree has become one of the main degree types in China. Professional degree postgraduate education in developed countries such as the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and South Korea has been developing for a long time. Summing up their experience and development trend will provide important reference for the sustainable development of professional degree postgraduate education in China in the future. Therefore, by using the international comparison method, this paper studies the international trend of professional degree postgraduate education, and finds that professional degree postgraduate education has the basic characteristics of increasing cognitive tolerance of professional degree, reasonable structure, continuous expansion of scale, stronger certification culture, deeper integration of production and education, and more standardized setting process. It is proposed that the sustainable development of professional degree postgraduate education in China should expand the scale of professional degree postgraduate education, promote the certification culture, promote the construction of quality assurance system, and pilot the deep integration of production and education training mode which is represented by "modern apprenticeship".

Key words: professional degree, graduate education, integration of production and education, modern apprenticeship, certification culture

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