北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 132-141.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0055

• 航空法与屋外空间 • 上一篇    下一篇

利益协调导向的民用无人机规制政策研究

李亚, 刘倩   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-24 发布日期:2022-03-30
  • 作者简介:李亚(1973—),男,河北辛集人,教授,博士,研究方向为协商式政策分析、公共冲突解决、公共参与.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71473016)

Study of Regulation Policies of Civil Drones from the Perspective of Interests Coornination

LI Ya, LIU Qian   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-02-24 Published:2022-03-30

摘要: 民用无人机规制是涉及多方利益的公共问题,其政策制定应注重民主性、公平性和可接受性。目前,规制部门、使用者、生产企业和销售商等利益相关方之间就无人机的规制存在一些争议。基于政策冲突分析的视角,在对各利益相关方访谈调研及梳理民用无人机规制政策冲突的基础上,采用协商式角色模拟方法,就民用无人机规制政策展开分析,试图为相关政策的制定和完善提供启迪。同时,在冲突分析和协商式角色模拟成果的基础上,提出在完善无人机规制方面应设立无人机飞行基地,建立无人机经营"多规合一"平台和全国统一的无人机运行管理综合服务平台,并鼓励无人机生产企业和云系统外包商合作,共同开发技术规制系统。

关键词: 民用无人机, 规制, 冲突分析, 协商式角色模拟, 利益协调

Abstract: The regulation of civil drones involves many stakeholders and there are obviously disputes among them, so in the formualtion of relevant policies,democracy, fairness, and acceptability are of particular importance. Based on in-depth interviews, the paper developed the highly realistic scenariosin which seven roles of administrative agency, civil drone manufacturer, distributor, user, cloud system provider, ordinary people, and model plane fan are included. After that, negotions concerning controversial issues such as flying zone, operation permit, real-name sales system, technical regulation platform were carried out to seek concensus by means of deliberative role-playing. On the basis of the consensus reached, several recommendations were put forward to improve the regulation of civil drones. Civil drone flight bases, an integrated regulation platform, as well as the national comprehensive service platform should be establised for drones’ operation and management. In addition, manufacturers should beencouraged to bein collaboration with the cloud system outsourcers to jointly develop technical regulation systems.

Key words: civil drone, regulation, conflict analysis, deliberative role-playing, interests coordination

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