北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 111-117.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0130

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

大学生课外自主学习能力评估及现状分析——以北京航空航天大学为例

李丹1, 王亚2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 北航学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-13 发布日期:2021-10-09
  • 作者简介:李丹(1981-),女,山东德州人,讲师,博士研究生,研究方向为大学生思想政治教育.
  • 基金资助:
    首都大学生思想政治教育支持课题(BJSZ2016ZC014)

Investigation and Analysis on Out-of-class Autonomous Learning Abilities of College Students: Based on Undergraduates at Beihang University

LI Dan1, WANG Ya2   

  1. 1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Beihang School, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-04-13 Published:2021-10-09

摘要: 学会学习既是学习者实现终身学习需要掌握的必要技能,也是提高学习质量的根本保证。通过对北京航空航天大学大类招生人才培养模式下的1 344名本科生进行研究,发现大学生的课外自主学习能力整体较好,选择学习策略的能力最为突出,但是制定学习目标和制定学习计划的能力较弱,需要进一步提升;女生的制定学习目标和制定学习计划的得分显著高于男生;不同年级在自主学习能力和6个维度上均有显著差异;性别、年级和学科的交互作用不显著。高校应加强对大学生目标管理和计划制定能力以及元认知策略的培养和指导,以期提升大学生课外自主学习能力,进一步提升人才培养质量。

关键词: 自主学习能力, 学习目标, 学习计划, 学习策略, 自我监控, 自我评估

Abstract: Learning how to learn is considered not only as necessary part of the talent's qualities for lifelong learning, but also the essential guarantee for improving learning efficiency. Questionnaires were applied to study 1 344 undergraduate students at Beihang University, and initial conclusions can be summarized as follows:college students show good performance as a whole in out-of-class autonomous learning, especially in choosing learning strategies, but need to improve abilities in setting learning goals and plans; girls have better abilities in setting learning goals and plans than boys;different grades have significant differences in autonomous learning abilities and the 6 main factors of autonomous learning; sex, grade and subject have no significant interaction with each other. Therefore, cultivation and instruction on the goals-setting and metacognitive strategies should be strengthened in order to improve the autonomous learning abilities for college students and to promote the talent training quality.

Key words: autonomous learning abilities, learning goals, learning plans, learning strategies, self-monitoring, self-evaluating

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