北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 27-31.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0133

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

论国家与公共数据的法律关系

黄尹旭   

  1. 中国人民大学 法学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-19 发布日期:2021-06-08
  • 作者简介:黄尹旭(1993-),男,贵州铜仁人,中国人民大学法学院未来法治研究院、区块链研究院研究人员,博士研究生,研究方向为经济法学、数据法学、反垄断法.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(21ZDA025)

Legal Relationship between the State and Public Data

HUANG Yinxu   

  1. Law School, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2021-04-19 Published:2021-06-08

摘要: 公共数据是公共机构履职中生成、采集的各类数据资源。数据已经成为关键生产要素。国家作为公共数据的主要监督者和使用者,负有实现公共数据价值的责任。国家可以直接沿用中国《宪法》保护公共资源的国家责任管理维护公共数据。国家可以延展公共资源"管理—规制"权力,对内管理系统内的公共数据资源,对外规制开放后的公共数据资源。国家通过规制公共数据使得人民可以参与管理公共数据,形成公共数据共建共享共治模式。

关键词: 数据法学, 数据生产要素, 平台福利主义, 公共数据, 国家所有

Abstract: Public data consists of data resources generated by and collected by public institutions in the process of performing their duties, and have become a key production factor with the potential of disruptive innovation. As the controller, user and main supervisor of public data, the state has the responsibility to realize the value of public data. To manage and protect public data, the state can naturally extend the responsibility clause of the Constitution of China for the protection of public resources, and can also extend the "management-regulation" power of public resources. Therefore, the state can manage the public data resources under its system internally and exercise its regulatory power externally after the public data resources are open and shared. By regulating public data, the state can enable people to participate in the management of public data, and form a mode of public data for collaboration and broader participation, with the goal of benefiting all.

Key words: data law, data production factors, platform welfarism, public data, state ownership

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