北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 134-140.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0190

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

信息化、进口“抑制”与内需推动

江剑敏1, 林晓羽2   

  1. 1. 福建商学院 国际经贸学院, 福建 福州 350007;
    2. 福建商学院 发展规划处, 福建 福州 350016
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-06 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:江剑敏(1979-),男,福建福州人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为产业转型与竞争力.
  • 基金资助:
    福建省社会科学规划项目(FJ2018B043);福建省科技厅软科学项目(2018R0023)

Informatization, Import “Suppression” and Promotion of Domestic Demand

JIANG Jianmin1, LIN Xiaoyu2   

  1. 1. School of International Economy and Trade, Fujian Business University, Fuzhou Fujian 350007, China;
    2. Development and Planning Office, Fujian Business University, Fuzhou Fujian 350016, China
  • Received:2021-05-06 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 当前中国经济结构还存在一些内生需求失衡的现象,盲目推动内需增扩,可能会导致进口增长"抑制"国内生产供给,不利于经济的良性增长。以信息化、进口贸易和经济内生增长三者间的理论关系为研究视角,探讨信息化对经济外部依赖及内需推动的效应机制,并实证检验了其效应。结果表明:信息化对促进国内供需匹配、提升生产供给能力进而减轻进口产品依赖产生了积极效应,但是信息企业的研发活动却没有呈现出应有效果;克服内生性偏误后,相关结论仍然稳健。进一步研究发现:中国信息技术的创新增长体现出较明显的外部依赖性,当前信息化水准及研发的"底子"还不足以充分支撑经济内生增长的创新需求。中国信息技术发展需坚持打破各种遏制外联创新的"樊笼",既要避免进口产生的"降维"打压,又要强化信息技术研发与提升国际竞争能力的关联性,积极拓展生存发展的外部空间。

关键词: 信息化, 进口“抑制”, 内生增长, 外部依赖, 供需匹配, 双循环

Abstract: Currently, there is still imbalance in internal demand in China's economic structure. Blindly promoting the expansion of domestic demand may lead to import growth to "curb" domestic production supply, which is not conducive to benign growth of the economy. This paper expounded the impact mechanism of informatization on external dependence and promotion of domestic demand via the relationship between informatization, import and economic endogenous growth, and then empirically tested the effect. The results show that information technology played a positive role in promoting the "match" of domestic supply and demand, and then restraining import dependence, but the related Research and Development (R&D) activities had not shown its due effect. The relevant conclusions were still robust after overcoming the endogenous bias. Further research showed that the innovation promotion from information technology in China still incurs from obvious external dependence and the current level of information and R&D foundation was not enough to support the innovation demands of endogenous economic growth and reduce the negative effect of import dependence. There is still need to actively break all kinds of "barriers", so as to avoid being suppressed by the "dimension reduction", and to strengthen the correlation between information technology R&D and the enhancement of international competitiveness, and actively expand the external space for survival and development.

Key words: informatization, import “suppression”, endogenous growth, external dependence, match of supply and demand, dual circulation

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