北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 141-150.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0195

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球贸易网络的演化及“去核心化”分析——以技术密集型制造业为例

杨俊玲1, 鞠芳煜2   

  1. 1. 贵州师范大学 经济与管理学院, 贵州 贵阳 550025;
    2. 福建师范大学 数学与信息学院, 福建 福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-08 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:杨俊玲(1980-),女,河南洛阳人,副教授,博士,研究方向为世界经济.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金(16BJL067);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(19YJC790051);贵州省哲学社会科学规划课题(21GZYB17)

Evolution and Decentralization of the Global Trade Network:Take the Technology Intensive Manufacturing as an Example

YANG Junling1, JU Fangyu2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang Guizhou 550025, China;
    2. School of Mathematics and Information, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou Fujian 350007, China
  • Received:2021-05-08 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 把握全球技术密集型中间品贸易网络的演变规律,在开放、合作中寻求嵌入发展的突破口,已成为全球性的重要议题。基于贸易细分核算数据,对2000-2014年全球技术密集型制造业E2E贸易网络格局的演化进行分析,结果表明:全球技术密集型制造业E2E贸易网络中多数节点经济体所受到的来自该贸易网络的限制仍较大,贸易网络格局存在"去核心化"的可能,但核心带的长居经济体和发达经济体的"关键中间人"绝对地位的长居态势,对"去核心化"趋势的逆向作用不容小觑。对中国的E2E贸易发展来说,需要提高自身贸易子网的密度水平,降低其冗余度因素,力争在全球技术密集型制造业E2E贸易网络中获取更多控制信息和资源的机会。同时,中国的非贸易中介角色占比依然很高,需引起高度关注。

关键词: 技术密集型, 细分贸易, 全球贸易网络, 关键中间人, 去核心化

Abstract: It has become a vital global issue to grasp the law of evolution of the global trade network for technology-intensive intermediate goods and seek breakthrough of embedding development in opening up and cooperation. Analysis of the evolution of the E2E-trade network pattern of technology-intensive manufacturing from 2000 to 2014 shows that the restrictions from the trade network still have a relatively high impact on most node economies, and there is a po-ssibility of "decentralization" in the pattern of trade network. However, the reverse effect of the permanence of the absolute position of the "key middleman" between resident and advanced economies should not be underestimated. For the development of China's E2E trade, it is necessary to increase the density of its own trade subnet, reduce its redundancy factor, and strive to have more control capabilities and access to resources in the trade network. Meanwhile, close attention should be paid to the fact that China's share of non-trade intermediary roles still remains high.

Key words: technology-intensive, segmented trade, global trade network, key middlemen, decentralization

中图分类号: