北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 47-58.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0209

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

《民法典》时代的个人健康信息保护

田野, 张宇轩   

  1. 天津大学 法学院, 天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-08 发布日期:2021-12-03
  • 作者简介:田野(1979—),男,黑龙江佳木斯人,教授,博士,研究方向为民商法学与劳动法学.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金(20BFX163);国家法治与法学理论研究项目(19SFB2045)

Personal Health Information Protection in the Era of Civil Code

TIAN Ye, ZHANG Yuxuan   

  1. Law School, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
  • Received:2021-05-08 Published:2021-12-03

摘要: 疫情防控期间,个人健康信息处理呈现常态化趋势。个人健康信息蕴含其他信息所无法比拟的人格要素,对其加强保护不乏正当理由。《民法典》出台为个人健康信息提供了私法保护基础。在正当化处理的情形中,健康信息处理必须坚持高标准的同意规则,给予公开健康信息必要的保护,并正确运用为维护别种利益时的信息合理处理规则。由于个人健康信息的特殊性,侵权责任应在传统四要件的体系之下做出更灵活的变通。在信息共享的场景下,加害行为的证明可适用共同危险行为制度。损害结果应吸纳风险性损害作为新型损害。主观过错可依据处理者法定义务的履行情况进行客观化的认定。因果关系要件的认定则应依据处理者的数量进行动态调整。

关键词: 个人健康信息, 敏感信息, 信息保护, 正当化处理情形, 侵权责任认定

Abstract: During the period of epidemic prevention and control, the processing of personal health information presents a trend of normalization. Personal health information contains more personality elements than other information, so there is no lack of legitimate reasons to strengthen its protection.The promulgation of the Civil Code provides the basis of private law protection for personal health information. In the case of legitimate processing, the processing of health information must adhere to high standard consent rules, should give the necessary protection to the public health information, and must correctly use the information reasonable processing rules to safeguard other interests. According to the particularity of personal health information, tort liability should be more flexible under the traditional four elements system. In the context of information sharing, the proof of injurious act can be applied to the system of common dangerous behavior. The elements of damage result should absorb risk damage as a new type of damage. The subjective fault elements can be identified objectively and indirectly according to the performance of the legal obligations of the processors. The identification of causation elements should be dynamically adjusted according to the number of processors.

Key words: personal health information, sensitive information, information protection, justification of processing, determination of tort liability

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