北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 28-38.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0356

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

网络平台对用户生成数据的权益性质

周学峰   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-21 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-06
  • 作者简介:周学峰(1973-),男,山东临清人,教授,博士,研究方向为民商法学、网络法学.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(16ZDA075);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(YWF-20-BJ-W-204)

Nature of the Rights and Interests of Internet Platform to the User-Generated Data

ZHOU Xuefeng   

  1. Law School, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-06-21 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-06

摘要: 用户提供并存储在网络平台上的数据系网络平台经营者的营业财产的一部分,网络平台经营者对其享有营业权。营业权的保护方式更类似于受法律保护的利益而非绝对权,在认定第三人获取网络平台的数据是否构成侵权时,需要法院基于个案对相关权利和利益进行权衡。网络平台经营者对于平台上的数据进行保护时可以采取技术控制和协议控制两种方式,但都不应逾越合理的限度。当网络平台经营者的数据权益遭到第三人损害时,如果加害者与受害者之间存在商业竞争关系,应当优先适用反不正当竞争法进行救济;当两者之间不存在商业竞争关系,或者适用反不正当竞争法不足以救济受害者时,可以适用侵权责任法给予受害者以救济。

关键词: 网络平台, 数据, 数据权益, 营业权

Abstract: The user-generated data storing in the online platform belongs to the undertaking properties of the platform's operator, which can assert the undertaking rights to the data. The protection to the undertaking rights is more like the protection to the legal interests than the protection to the absolute rights. The court should balance the relevant interests in the specific cases before making a decision on whether the third parties invade the platform's rights or interests to the data. The platform can get legal relief when the third parties scrap the data storing in the platform. Specifically, if there is a commercial competition relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, the anti-unfair competition law should be applied first for relief; when there is no commercial competition relationship between the two, or the application of the anti-unfair competition law is not sufficient to relieve the victim, the victims can get relief according to the torts law.

Key words: Internet platform, data, data rights, rights to the undertaking

中图分类号: