北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 166-176.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0502

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    

民用航空发动机权利登记制度研究

李亚凝   

  1. 中国民航大学 法律与政策研究中心, 天津 300300
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-04 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:李亚凝(1983-),男,山东德州人,副研究员,博士,研究方向为国际航空法.
  • 基金资助:
    中国民航大学省部级科研机构开放基金(HKFYZCYJZX202001)

Civil Aero-Engine Rights Registration System

LI Yaning   

  1. Research Base of Air Law and Policy, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
  • Received:2021-08-04 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 随着中国民用航空发动机交易与融资的兴起,来源于《日内瓦公约》并规定于《中华人民共和国民用航空法》的民用航空器权利登记制度已经无法较好地满足实践中对航空发动机权利识别与权利顺序的立法需求。同时,该制度不仅与部分替代《日内瓦公约》的《开普敦公约》和《移动设备国际利益公约关于航空器设备特定问题的议定书》存在衔接障碍,而且与《中华人民共和国民法典》存在法律冲突。因此,应当在保持原有民用航空器权利登记制度的基础上,将航空发动机作为特殊动产进行登记,并结合航空发动机与民用航空器的关系,厘清权利顺序。

关键词: 《日内瓦公约》, 《开普敦公约》, 《中华人民共和国民法典》, 民用航空器, 权利登记, 权利顺序

Abstract: With the rise of China's aero-engine trading and financing, the civil aircraft rights registration system, which is derived from the Geneva Convention and stipulated in Civil Aviation Law of the People's Republic of China, can no longer meet the requirements of aero-engine rights identification and rights sequence in practice. Besides, there are barriers to cohesion in the system with Cape Town Convention and Convention on International Interest in Mobile Equipment and the Related Protocol on Matters Specific to Aircraft Equipment, which partly replace the Geneva Convention, as well as legal conflicts with Civil Code of the People's Republic of China. Therefore, it is suggested that on the basis of maintaining the original civil aircraft rights registration system, the aero-engine should be registered as a special chattel, and the order of rights should be clarified in combination with the relationship between aero-engine and civil aircraft.

Key words: Geneva Convention, Cape Town Convention, Civil Code of the People’s Republic of China, civil aircraft, right to register, order of rights

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