北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 75-83.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.1029

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

“时间银行”互助养老模式实现路径——以“五社联动”社区创新治理为背景

王玥, 毛佳欣   

  1. 辽宁大学 公共管理学院, 辽宁 沈阳 110136
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-25 发布日期:2022-03-30
  • 作者简介:王玥(1978—),女,辽宁朝阳人,研究员,博士,研究方向为人口政策、社会福利.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金一般项目(20BRK001);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(17YJC840040)

Realization Path of “Time Bank” Mutual-Support Model of Elderly Care: Based on “Linkage of Five Elements in the Community” Mode of Innovative Community Governance

WANG Yue, MAO Jiaxin   

  1. School of Public Administration, Liaoning University, Shenyang Liaoning 110136, China
  • Received:2021-11-25 Published:2022-03-30

摘要: "时间银行"是中国互助养老模式创新的一种重要探索。该模式处于区域试点阶段并且以社区和街道作为模式运行的主要场域,各试点地区结合实际养老需求和区域老龄化事业发展规划积极探索"时间银行"的实现机制与特色项目,同时也在社区治理行动实践中尝试破解制约"时间银行"发展的关键问题。"五社联动"是国家治理体系现代化进程中的基层社区创新治理模式,强调多主体参与,多方联动协同治理。以"五社联动"为背景,探究"五社联动"多方主体参与下"时间银行" 的有效模式和实现路径,厘清"时间银行"在中国的发展定位、推进策略、信用保障和激励机制。

关键词: 时间银行, 五社联动, 社区互助养老模式, 养老服务供给, 社区创新治理

Abstract: Time Bank is an important innovation of the mutual-support model of elderly care in China. It is in the regional pilot stage now and mainly operates in communities and subdistrict communities. All pilot areas actively explore the realization mechanism and characteristic projects of "Time Bank" in accordance with their actual needs of elderly care and the regional aging development planning. Meanwhile, they also try to solve the key problems restricting the development of "Time Bank" in the practice of community governance actions. "Linkage of five elements in the community" is an innovative governance model for grass-roots communities in the process of modernization of the national governance system, emphasizing the participation of multiple subjects and collaborative governance of multiple parties. Based on the linkage, this paper tries to investigate the effective mode and realization path of the development of "Time Bank" mutual-support model of elderly care with the participation of multiple subjects of the linkage, and clarifies the development orientation, promotion strategy, credit guarantee and incentive mechanism of "Time Bank" in China.

Key words: Time Bank, linkage of five elements in the community, community-based mutual-support model of elderly care, supply of elderly care, innovative community governance

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