北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 151-157.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.1032

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

论民用航空产品责任中“缺陷”的认定标准

于丹   

  1. 华东政法大学 国际法学院, 上海 200042
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-26 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:于丹(1977-),女,辽宁沈阳人,副教授,博士,研究方向为国际私法、航空私法.
  • 基金资助:
    上海市哲学社会科学规划课题(2019BFX014)

Criteria for Identification of “Defects” in Civil Aviation Product Liability

YU Dan   

  1. International Law School, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 200042, China
  • Received:2021-11-26 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 民用航空器及其构成部件的适航标准属于《中华人民共和国产品质量法》第46条中的"国家标准"。适航标准服务于国家对民用航空进行安全监管的目的,不宜直接引入产品责任诉讼中作为认定缺陷的依据。从比较法和法律功能论的视角来看,将适航标准定位为航空产品缺陷认定的底线性要求,有助于维护安全监管和私法救济两项活动之间的良性互动。为此,应加强产品缺陷认定的方法论研究,避免司法活动对行政管理规范的不当依赖。

关键词: 航空产品责任, 适航标准, 缺陷认定, 最低标准, 不合理的危险

Abstract: The standards of airworthiness are commonly regarded as the "national standards" which is mentioned in Article 46 of the Product Quality Law of the People's Republic of China. However, since the airworthiness standards are formulated in light of the air safety regulation, it is inappropriate to introduce them as the basis for the evaluation of the defects in civil litigations. From the perspectives of comparative law and legal functionalism, it is imperative to place the airworthiness standards as the minimal standards of the identification of defects. Therefore, more researches shall be done on the methods for the identification of defects to avoid current onerous dependence of judicial activities on the administrative regulatory standards.

Key words: aviation product liability, airworthiness standard, identification of defects, minimal standard, unreasonable danger

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