北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 91-99.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.1098

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

党的十八大以来中国腐败与反腐败定量研究综述

牛朝辉, 黄慧腾   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-12-14 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:牛朝辉(1988-),女,内蒙古赤峰人,副教授,博士,研究方向为廉政建设与政策分析.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金青年项目(19CZZ013);北京市社会科学基金(19JDYYB005);北京航空航天大学人文社科拔尖人才项目(KG16092901)

A Review of Quantitative Studies on Corruption and Anti-corruption in China since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

NIU Zhaohui, HUANG Huiteng   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-12-14 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 采用文献综述的方法,对有关党的十八大以来中国腐败与反腐败定量研究进行梳理,发现:对腐败的定义存在争议,但不应泛化;腐败的测量方法主要有主观评价法和客观评价法两种,且评价指标正在逐步从宏观向微观发展;腐败的特征主要体现在腐败多发于经济社会转型时期,官员的政治晋升和政治周期对腐败和反腐败产生影响,社会文化影响腐败认知和腐败行为;包括公共部门、国有企业和私有企业在内的三类主体的主要腐败问题及其特点有所差异;腐败对经济发展的影响尚无定论;腐败会加剧收入分配不平衡,反腐败会提高公众的腐败感知水平和对政府的信任度;党的十八大以来实施的反腐败措施对中国经济发展有长期的积极作用,不同反腐败措施的影响机制也存在差异。

关键词: 党的十八大, 腐败, 反腐败, 定量研究, 反腐败措施

Abstract: This paper reviews the quantitative studies on corruption and anti-corruption in China since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and finds that the definition of corruption is controversial, but it should not be generalized. There are two main methods to measure corruption, i.e., subjective evaluation and objective evaluation and the evaluation indexes are gradually developing from macro level to micro level. The characteristics of corruption are primarily reflected in the following ways. Corruption often occurs in the period of economic and social transformation; the political promotion and political cycle of officials have an impact on corruption and anti-corruption, and social culture influences the perception and behavior of corruption. In addition, corruption problems and their characteristics are different among the three types of subjects, including the public sector, state-owned enterprises and private enterprises. The impact of corruption on economic development is still controversial. Corruption is found to aggravate the imbalance of income distribution, while anti-corruption will significantly improve the public's perception of corruption and trust in the government. The anti-corruption campaign since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has a long-term positive effect on China's economic development and different anti-corruption measures have different impact mechanisms.

Key words: 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, corruption, anti-corruption, quantitative study, anti-corruption measure

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