北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 7-15.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2022.0242

• 马克思主义理论创新 • 上一篇    下一篇

新葛兰西主义视域下的新自由主义批判

马源1, 王春玺2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-08 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:马源(1987-),女,吉林白山人,博士后在站,研究方向为西方马克思主义理论.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(21ADJ001)

A Critique on Neoliberalism:A Neo-Gramscian Perspective

MA Yuan1, WANG Chunxi2   

  1. 1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Marxism, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2022-03-08 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 当前,在资本主义危机与新冠肺炎疫情的叠加冲击下,占据西方现代社会主导地位的新自由主义,在理论逻辑和全球实践的悖论中再次成为国外左翼学者批判的焦点。国际政治经济学领域的新葛兰西主义理论从生产的社会关系出发,关注跨国因素,且基于生产逻辑和资本逻辑批判新自由主义既是一种意识形态,又是一项兼具解构性和建构性的霸权计划,在欧洲一体化和全球化两个层面具有重要作用。这种历史唯物主义的立场和跨国主义视野,突破了将新自由主义单纯视为意识形态领域"文化霸权"的意涵,为理解和批判新自由主义提供了一种新的理论视角。

关键词: 新葛兰西主义, 新自由主义, 资本, 跨国主义, 全球化, 霸权

Abstract: Nowadays, under the dual impact of capitalist crisis and COVID-19 pandemic, neoliberalism, which takes the dominant position in the West, has once again become the focus of criticism by foreign left-wing scholars in the paradox of theoretical logic and its global practice. The neo-Gramscian perspective in the field of international political economics starts from the social relations of production and focuses on transnational factors. Based on the logic of production and capital, it criticizes neoliberalism as an ideology as well as a hegemonic scheme with both deconstruction and construction, which plays an important role in European integration and globalization. From the standpoint of historical materialism and transnationalism, the neo-Gramscian perspective, breaks through the implication that neoliberalism is only regarded as a kind of "cultural hegemony" in the ideological field, and provides a new theoretical perspective for understanding and criticizing neoliberalism.

Key words: neo-Gramscian perspective, neoliberalism, capital, transnationalism, globalization, hegemony

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