北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2022, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 52-59.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2022.0298

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国环境法典编纂中的环境权问题——研究方法论视角的分析

陈海嵩   

  1. 武汉大学 环境法研究所, 湖北 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-18 发布日期:2022-05-31
  • 作者简介:陈海嵩(1982-),男,湖北武汉人,教授,博士,研究方向为环境资源法.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(20AFX023)

Environmental Rights in the Codification of China's Environmental Law:Analysis from the Perspective of Research Methodology

CHEN Haisong   

  1. Institute of Environmental Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan Hubei 430072, China
  • Received:2022-03-18 Published:2022-05-31

摘要: 环境权是中国环境法典编纂中不能忽视的一个重要问题。基于环境法学研究方法论的要求,环境权的理论争议属于纯粹的环境法学问题,不存在绝对意义上的正确或错误;"环境权入法典"则为面向实践的环境法问题,要在适应现实需求的前提下给出相对最优解,两者不存在直接关联。"环境权入法典"是在相应事实判断问题和价值判断问题基础上的具有中国特色的立法技术问题。在规则设计上,应参考《中华人民共和国民法典》中人格权保护的经验,基于动态系统论的规范构造来确认主体在良好环境中生活的权利,结合基本生存需要、优美自然环境需要和相应的环境义务性规定等因素来综合考虑,形成环境权保护的"要素-效果"模式。

关键词: 环境法典编纂, 环境权, 法学研究方法, 动态系统论, 立法选择

Abstract: Environmental rights are an important issue that cannot be ignored in the compilation of China's environmental code. Considering the research methodology of environmental law, the theoretical dispute over environmental rights is a pure issue of environmental law, and there is no absolute right or wrong. On the other hand, "environmental rights into the code" is a practice-oriented problem of environmental law which needs a relatively optimal solution to meet the needs of reality, so there is no direct correlation between these two. "Environmental rights into the code" is a legislative technical issue with Chinese characteristics on the basis of making corresponding judgment about facts and value. In terms of setting rules, it should draw on the experience of personality right protection in the Civil Code of the People 's Republic of China and confirm the subjects' right to live in a good environment by means of the normative structure of dynamic system theory. In addition, it should take the basic survival needs into account, the needs for beautiful natural environment and corresponding environmental obligations, thus forming the "factor-effect" model of environment rights protection.

Key words: compilation of environmental code, environmental right, legal research method, dynamic system theory, legislative choice

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