北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2005, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (4): 33-36.

• 哲学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

自由意志与良知 ——康德与王阳明道德哲学之比较

刘华军   

  1. 厦门大学 人文学院,福建 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2004-09-17 出版日期:2005-12-25 发布日期:2010-10-20
  • 作者简介:刘华军(1980-),女,重庆大足人,硕士研究生,研究方 向为外国哲学.

Freewilland Innate Conscience ——A Comparison of Kant's and Wang Yangming's Moral Philosophy

LIU Hua-jun   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Xiamen University, Ximen 361 005, China
  • Received:2004-09-17 Online:2005-12-25 Published:2010-10-20

摘要:

康德与王阳明分别以自由意志和良知为核心建立先验道德哲学。自由意志和良知都 是道德法则的先验根据,具有自律的本质特征;但是二者建构主体道德自觉的思路又是迥然 不同的。通过对二者的比较,说明各自理论的优点和不足,并指出中西哲学可以融通互 惠,对如今的道德建设具有重要的启示意义。

关键词: 康德, 王阳明, 自由意志, 良知, 道德法则

Abstract:

Kant and Yang-ming base their transcendental moral philosophy on "freewill" a nd "innate conscience" respectively. They share the similarity in transcendent al basis of moral laws characterized with self-discipline while differing with the ways of forging their moral theory of subject. This paper makes a comparison between the two central concepts to reveal the merits and demerits of each theo ry, aiming at the possibility and necessity of fusion of Chinese with Western ph ilosophies for the purpose of moral constructions of our time.

Key words: Kant, Wang Yang-ming, freewill, innate conscience, moral law

中图分类号: