北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2006, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 36-40.

• 空间法研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论对月球和其他天体的所有权

凌 岩   

  1. 中国政法大学 国际法学院,北京 100088
  • 收稿日期:2006-01-17 出版日期:2006-06-25 发布日期:2010-10-15
  • 作者简介:凌岩(1948-),女,上海人,教授,硕士,研究方向为国际法、国际刑法、空间法等.

On the Ownership of the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

LING Yan   

  1. School of International Law, China University of Political Science and Law, Bei jing 100083, China
  • Received:2006-01-17 Online:2006-06-25 Published:2010-10-15

摘要:

近年来,国际国内都有人主张对月球和其他天体的所有权,并出售月球和其他天体 的土地。本文从国内法、国际空间法的有关条约规定、国际法空间法学界的看法以及有关判 例讨论了这个问题,最后得出结论:不仅国家不得将月球和其他天体据为己有,私人实体亦不得对月球和其他天体取得土地所有权和买卖其土地。按照外空条约第六条,国家必须履行其国际义务,在国内法上禁止私人占有月球和天体。

关键词: 月球, 天体, 不得据为己有, 外层空间条约, 月球协定, 全人类的共同财产

Abstract:

In recent years, some people either in China or somewhere else in the world claim their property rights to the Moon and other celestial bodies. The ar ticle discusses whether the claims are lawful according to national laws, space law treaties, views of space law scholars and the relevant jurisprudence. It con cludes that not only States, but also private entities are forbidden to appropri ate the Moon and other celestial bodies. Therefore, nobody is allowed to have re al property right to the Moon and to sell lunar lands. States must fulfill their obligations, in accordance with Article 6 of the Outer Space Treaty, to prohibi t real property rights in outer space.

Key words: the Moon, celestial bodies, non-appropriation, Outer Space Treaty, M oon Agreement, common heritage of mankind

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