北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2008, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 40-44.

• 航空法 • 上一篇    下一篇

论美国推行航空运输自由化的本质

肖永平, 孙玉超   

  1. 武汉大学 国际法研究所, 湖北 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-21 出版日期:2008-12-25 发布日期:2010-05-19
  • 作者简介:肖永平(1966-),男,湖北麻城人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际私法.

The State Interest Protection of the United States in the Context of the Liberalization of Air Transport

XIAO Yong-ping, SUN Yu-chao   

  1. International Law Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2008-10-21 Online:2008-12-25 Published:2010-05-19

摘要:

通过分析美国输出运力的客观需求,建立民用后备航空队的目的和限制外资与保护劳工的考 量,认为美国倡导的航空运输自由化极具狭隘性,其本质是向国外输出过剩的运力,扩大航 空运输市场。基于国家安全考虑,美国建立民用后备航空队,提高了民航利用率。为增加就 业机会,美国严格限制外国航空运输企业对美国航空运输产业的控制,以更好保护美国劳动 者的利益。

关键词: 航空运输自由化, 输出运力, 民用后备航空队, 劳工保护

Abstract:

The United States is the advocator of the liberalization of international air tr ansport services, but its real significance is not on the liberalization of air transport liberalization, its essence is to export excess capacity, and expand t he air transport market, which is very narrow-minded. Based on nationa l security considerations, the United States established Civilian Reserve Air Fl eet Program, thus increased the utilization of Civil Aviation. To increase emplo yment opportunities, the United States strictly limits the industry control of t he air transport enterprises of United States by foreign air transport enterpris es, for better protection of workers' interests of the United States.

Key words: the liberalization of air transport services, capacity output, civilian reserve air fleet program, labor protection

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