北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2010, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 11-15.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

争论中的消极自由观

樊凡   

  1. 吉林大学 行政学院, 吉林 长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-14 出版日期:2010-05-25 发布日期:2010-06-29
  • 作者简介:樊凡(1983-),男,陕西西安人,博士研究生,研究方向为自由主义理论、民主理论.

The Concept of Negative Freedom in Dispute

FAN Fan   

  1. School of Administration, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2009-09-14 Online:2010-05-25 Published:2010-06-29

摘要:

在消极自由观念看来,自由没有任何积极的内容,只是意味着诸多互不相同的主体对自由 的运用,消极自由观念将免于国家的任意强制、免于国家的任意干涉视为个人之自由的核心 ;在消极自由观念的批评者看来,消极自由观念对自由的界定既缺少积极的因素,也过 于忽视平等的价值,所以,其对自由的界定既是不合理的,也是无效的。事实上,无论就合 理性层面还是就有效性层面而言,任何有关社会和政治理论的观念都很难得到充分的、成功 的辩护。

关键词: 消极自由, 合理性, 有效性, 本质上可争议的

Abstract:

From the perspective of negative freedom, there isn-t anything positive in freedom, which only means various entries- exertion over freedom. The theory of negative freedom takes the freedom from arbitrary state mandatory and interference as its core. While from the perspective of its critics, because of its lack of positive factors and ignorance of equal value, its definition of freedom is neither rational nor effective. As a matter of fact, whether from its rationality or effectiveness, any idea about social or political theory is hard to be successfully and sufficiently defended.

Key words: negative freedom, rationality, effectiveness, essentially contestable

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