北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 24-27.

• 危机管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS的应急管理预警信号标准化方法研究

牛聚粉   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2011-02-24 出版日期:2011-12-25 发布日期:2011-11-29
  • 作者简介:牛聚粉(1976—),女,河北石家庄人,博士后,研究方向为工业灾害控制、安全信息系统、事故预警与应急管理等.
  • 基金资助:

    中国博士后科学基金资助项目(20100470183); 中国博士后科学基金特别资助项目(201104046)

Research on the Standard Methods of Emergency Management Pre-warning Signals Based on GIS

Niu Jufen   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2011-02-24 Online:2011-12-25 Published:2011-11-29

摘要:

针对应急管理对GIS的需求,通过对GIS适合作为预警的功能进行分析,并将功能分析效果图与某矿图的图形数据示意图、图层叠加示意图、专题图分级示意图进行对比显示,系统地阐述了GIS适合应用于预警信号的功能与原理。在此基础上,提出了基于GIS实现预警的标准化方法,并以煤与瓦斯突出预警为例,进行了实证研究。以期为突发事件应急管理系统实现多维性、动态性提供技术手段,并为与地理位置密切相关的预警系统的开发提供可资借鉴的思路。

关键词: 应急管理, 地理信息系统, 预警系统, 专题地图

Abstract:

To meet the needs of emergency management for geographical information system, this research analysis of function of GIS which are suitable for pre-warning signals, this research take the comparing manifestation between the function analysis rendering graphics with one mine map, the layer overlaying schematic diagram, and special map classification displaying schematic diagram. Meanwhile, this paper expounds comprehensively the function and principle of GIS which suits to the application in pre-warning signal system. On the ground of the former research, this paper presents standard method of pre-warning based on GIS, carries on the empirical research which with coal and gas outburst pre-warning for the example. The research is for the sake of providing dynamic and multidimensional technical means for emergency management system realization, and providing helpful ideas for the pre-warning system development which related with the geographical position closely.

Key words: emergency management, geographical information system, pre-warning system, thematic map

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