北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (6): 88-93.

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

追寻灵魂中的超我——论陀思妥耶夫斯基和梅列日科夫斯基创作中的同貌人主题

武晓霞   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 外国语学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-05 出版日期:2012-11-25 发布日期:2012-12-17
  • 作者简介:武晓霞(1967-),女,山西大同人,教授,博士,研究方向为俄罗斯文学、俄语教学.
  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(YWF-10-06-024)

Searching Superego in the Soul: on Theme of Double in Creation of Dostoevsky and Merejkovski

Wu Xiaoxia   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2011-07-05 Online:2012-11-25 Published:2012-12-17

摘要: 陀思妥耶夫斯基的思想和创作对俄罗斯象征主义作家梅列日科夫斯基的思想和创作有着巨大的影响,在情节结构中起着重要作用的同貌人主题可以说表现得最为突出。梅列日科夫斯基继承陀思妥耶夫斯基的传统,宣布了同貌人主题与宗教问题的相互联系,并将其上升到世界的规模。对比两位作家在这一主题上的各自特点及其在创造艺术世界图景方法上的异同,说明在俄罗斯文学中的接受思想以及世纪之交的文化与先前文学传统之间的深刻联系。

关键词: 同貌人, 象征, 基督, 反基督

Abstract: Dostoevsky’s ideas and creativity had a great impact on the Russian Symbolist writer Merejkovski. The theme of double, playing an important role in the plot structure, can be said to be the most outstanding. Merezhkovsky inherited the tradition of Dostoevsky and announced the relationships between this theme and religious problems. He put the theme to the greatness of the general world. This article attempts to analyze both the impact on this theme and their respective characteristics so as to reveal the differences of methods in creation of the world picture, and to indicate the acceptance of ideas in Russian Literature and the deep connection between the culture at the turn of the century and the previous literary traditions.

Key words: double, symbol, christ, antichrist

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