北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2013, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 18-24.

• 危机管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

当代风险感知理论研究:流派、趋势与论争

王锋   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2013-02-07 出版日期:2013-05-25 发布日期:2013-05-15
  • 作者简介:王锋(1977- ),男,江西玉山人,讲师,博士研究生,研究方向为应急管理、公共政策.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大资助项目(11&ZD173);国家社会科学基金重点资助项目(11AGL009)

Contemporary Theory of Risk Perception Research:Schools, Trends and Controversies

Wang Feng   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2013-02-07 Online:2013-05-25 Published:2013-05-15

摘要: 风险感知是风险评估和风险管理过程的重要组成部分,梳理并借鉴当代风险感知的理论和方法,有助于中国风险评估和风险管理理论及实务水平的进一步提升。心理测量流派强调运用心理学方法对风险根源的主观特征和主观感受进行测量,而文化理论流派则强调从认知主体自身生活方式的视角理解风险感知及与风险有关的行为。两个流派间的学科融合研究趋势以及风险研究的后现代趋势越来越明显。尽管学界围绕公众风险感知研究效用的正反两面的论争不断并仍将继续下去,但风险感知研究应当成为风险管理政策制定的前提和基础。

关键词: 风险感知, 风险的心理测量, 文化理论, 风险管理

Abstract: Risk perception is an important part of risk assessment and risk management. Carding and drawing on contemporary risk perception theories and methods will help further enhance our risk assessment and risk management theory and practical level. Psychometric paradigm emphasizes that subjective characteristics and subjective feeling of risk source is measured by utilizing the method of psychology, while cultural theory paradigm emphasizing cognitive subject can understand risk perception and risk related behavior from the perspective of their way of life. Subject fusion between two schools of study trend and risk of postmodern trend is more and more obvious. Although the debate of both sides on public risk perception research utility will continue in the academic circles, the risk perception research should become the premise and foundation of risk management policy.

Key words: risk perception, psychological measurement of risk, cultural theory, risk management

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