北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 59-64.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0481

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球价值链下陕西航空产业升级影响因素分析

朱煜明1, 闫文琪1, 刘阳2   

  1. 1. 西北工业大学 管理学院, 陕西 西安 710072;
    2. 西北工业大学 动力与能源学院, 陕西 西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-08 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-10-12
  • 作者简介:朱煜明(1971-),男,江苏张家港人,教授,博士,研究方向为产业升级、战略管理.
  • 基金资助:

    2015年陕西省社会科学基金资助项目(2015R025)

On Influencing Factors of Shaanxi Aviation Industry Upgrading Based on Global Value Chain

ZHU Yuming1, YAN Wenqi1, LIU Yang2   

  1. 1. School of Management, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shannxi Xi'an 710072, China;
    2. School of Power and Energy, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shannxi Xi'an 710072, China
  • Received:2015-10-08 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-10-12

摘要:

在经济全球化背景下,陕西航空产业在全球价值链中仍处于被动从属地位和价值链的低端。根据全球价值链“经济租”理论,建立了陕西航空产业影响因素分析模型。模型中指出,内生因素和外生因素共同影响着陕西航空产业的升级。其中,内生因素主要包括技术创新能力、高级人力资本要素投入、产业内企业规模与制度、品牌效应、企业间的联合程度;外生因素主要包括政府支持、制度创新能力、生产性服务、全球价值链治理模式、对外经济。从战略角度来看,陕西航空产业应该优化产业内部的资源配置,增强竞争能力,还应积极参与航空产业的国际化分工,提升国际合作的层次和水平,逐步缩小与世界顶尖水平的差距。

关键词: 全球价值链, &ldquo, 经济租&rdquo, 航空产业, 产业升级, 内生因素, 外生因素

Abstract:

With the development of economic globalization, Shaanxi aviation industry was in a passive and low position of the Global Value Chain. There are many factors can account for this problem. The purpose of this paper is to find the factors influencing Shaanxi aviation industry upgrading based on Global Value Chain. By using the theory of Global Value Chain and industry upgrading, the analysis model of the impact factors of the aviation industry in Shaanxi is established. The model reflects that endogenous and exogenous factors affect Shaanxi aviation industry upgrading together. The endogenous factors include technological innovation ability, high level human capital investment, industrial enterprise scale, brand effect and the degree of joint enterprise. The exogenous factors include government support, institutional innovation, productive service, global value chain governance model and external economy. From a strategic point of view, Shaanxi aviation industry should optimize the allocation of resources in the industry, enhance the competitiveness, and participate in the international division of aviation industry actively to improve the level of international cooperation.

Key words: Global Value Chain, “economic rent”, aviation industry, industry upgrading, exogenous factors, endogenous factors

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