北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 46-51,62.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0516

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国蔬菜生产效率地区差异及产区细分——以露地茄子为例

王欢, 穆月英   

  1. 中国农业大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-26 出版日期:2017-11-25 发布日期:2017-11-23
  • 作者简介:王欢(1991-),女,陕西宝鸡人,博士研究生,研究方向为农业经济理论与政策.
  • 基金资助:

    高等学校博士点专项科研基金资助项目(20120008110032);公益性行业科研专项(201103001);现代农业产业技术体系北京市果类蔬菜产业创新团队(BAIC01-2016);北京市社科基金重点项目(15JGA020)

Regional Differences of Vegetable Production Efficiency and Classification of Vegetable Production in China: A Case Study of Open-ground Eggplant Production

WANG Huan, MU Yueying   

  1. College of Economics and Management, China Agriculture University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-10-26 Online:2017-11-25 Published:2017-11-23

摘要:

在中国自然资源限制下,提高蔬菜生产效率对保障供给有十分重要的意义。针对中国25省(市)露地茄子生产效率,运用数据包络分析(DEA)、超效率DEA和逐步判别聚类法进行了分析,并根据生产特点将中国蔬菜生产省份划分为不同产区,研究发现:规模的不适度是制约中国大多数地区蔬菜发展的主要因素;西北地区蔬菜生产效率具有一定优势;从投入、产出和效率三个指标出发中国的蔬菜生产可以分为经济型低投高产、高投低产低效、产量型低投高产、低投高产高效、高投高产高效等五个产区,而针对不同产区的生产特点,蔬菜生产发展的重点应不同。

关键词: 蔬菜生产效率, 地区差异, 产区, 数据包络分析, 超效率DEA, 逐步判别聚类法

Abstract:

With limited agricultural resources in China, it is of great significance to improve the efficiency of vegetable production for the security of supply. This research takes open-ground eggplant production for an example to calculate and analyse the vegetable production efficiency of 25 provinces separately by Data Envelope Analysis (DEA), Supper Efficiency DEA and K-means. The conclusions are as follows:first of all, improper scale of production is the main factor that prevents development of vegetable production in most provinces; secondly, some provinces in northwestern China have the advantages over other areas in regard to production efficiency; thirdly, 25 provinces can be divided into 5 production areas considering the differences in input, output and efficiency and for different areas there should be different development strategies.

Key words: vegetable production efficiency, regional differences, production area, Date Envelope Analysis (DEA), Supper Efficiency DEA, K-means

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